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[254] of Texas until the annexation to the United States. In 1848 he was elected to the lower house of the State legislature, and in 1850 to the State senate. He was a member of the State convention that passed the ordinance of secession, and was one of the first to raise a company for the war, entering the Confederate service, as a captain, in the Fifth Texas infantry, Hood's brigade. In November of the same year he became lieutenantcol-onel, and on June 1, 1862, he was commissioned colonel of the regiment. He led it through the Seven Days battles around Richmond, and, though wounded at Second Manassas, was at Boonsboro gap, after which his physical exhaustion was so great that he had to be carried from the field, and was unable to take part in the battle of Sharpsburg. But he had so well proved his ability to command troops in action that, on November 1, 1862, he was commissioned brigadier-general and placed in command of Hood's famous Texas brigade. At Gettysburg the heaviest fighting done by Robertson's command was on the afternoon of July 2d, on the line of battle running along the lower slope of Devil's Den to the Confederate left on Round Top, separated from the latter by Plum run valley. Notwithstanding the heavy fire the Confederates, though thinned at every step, pressed on and forced back the Union lines. In this desperate battle General Robertson was again wounded. He was, however, ready for the fray when General Longstreet went to Georgia, in September, and took part in the battle of Chickamauga. Later in the month General Robertson was sent to Texas to take command of a reserve corps. In 1865 he was commanding a brigade of Maxwell's division in Arkansas. After the war he settled in Waco, Tex., where he still lived in 1898.


Brigadier-General Lawrence Sullivan Ross

Brigadier-General Lawrence Sullivan Ross was born September 27, 1838, at Brentonsport, Iowa, whence, in the following spring, his father, Capt. Shapley P. Ross,

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