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 at the university of South Carolina he removed to Mississippi, and studied law at Vicksburg, under the celebrated statesman and orator, Sergeant S. Prentiss. Well equipped for the battle of life, he began practice in 1835. His success in his profession was rapid and he became a judge of the circuit court in Mississippi. He moved to Texas, and was soon in the front rank of his profession in the new State. The questions that had long divided the North and South, and almost made of them two peoples, at last led to actual separation and the formation of a new republic, with a constitution modeled after that of the old. Judge Waul entered earnestly into the struggle that followed. Though preferring to serve his country in the field, the people of his district wanted him as their representative in the councils of the new nation. So they elected him as their representative to the first Confederate Congress. He served in that capacity until the organization of the permanent Confederate government in February, 1862. Resigning his seat in Congress, he raised a fine body of troops, known in the Confederate army of the West as Waul's Texas legion. Of this he was commissioned colonel, May 17, 1862, and assigned to the department under Van Dorn, and afterward under Pemberton. Waul's Texans especially distinguished themselves during the siege of Vicksburg, in the recapture, on May 22d, of one of Gen. Stephen D. Lee's redoubts, where the enemy had planted two of their colors. After other commands had hesitated, 40 men of Waul's legion recovered the redoubt, capturing 100 men and the flags. Immediately 30 guns of the enemy were trained upon them; they were almost buried in the debris thrown up around them, but, though some were wounded, none were killed. The captured colors were presented to Colonel Waul as due to the valor of the Texans. During this assault General Lee and Colonel Waul and his adjutant were standing on an exposed position, and the adjutant was shot through the heart. Two days
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