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[262] grew up in that State, studied law and became one of its most prominent orators and jurists. When the civil war began he, with B. F. Terry, Thomas S. Lubbock and Thomas J. Goree, started from Texas for Virginia with the determination of being in the first battle for Southern independence. All of the party except Wharton participated in the first battle of Manassas, Wharton being prevented by sickness from carrying out his wish. Goree was appointed by Longstreet on his staff. Terry and Lubbock so distinguished themselves that they were authorized to go back home and raise a regiment Terry, who was a planter, became colonel of this regiment, Lubbock lieutenant-colonel, and Wharton was one of the captains. In the first engagement of the command at Woodsonville, Ky., December 17, 1861, Colonel Terry was killed. His successor, Colonel Lubbock, died soon after at Nashville. Upon the reorganization of the regiment Wharton was elected colonel. He led it in the battle of Shiloh. General Beauregard, in a description of this battle, says: ‘Learning about 1 p. m. that the Federal right (Sherman and McClernand) seemed about to give way, I ordered General Hardee to deploy his cavalry (Wharton's Texas Rangers) to turn their flank and cut off their retreat to the river, an operation not effected, because a proper or sufficient detour to the left was not made, and the gallant Texans under heavy fire became involved in ground impracticable for cavalry and had to fall back.’ But Colonel Wharton soon afterward dismounted half of his regiment and, throwing it forward on foot, drove his adversary from the position. During this battle Colonel Wharton received a wound, but recovered in time to take part in the Kentucky campaign. A brilliant affair of his, near Bardstown, Ky., just before the battle of Perryville, was made the subject of a special congratulatory order by Gen. Leonidas Polk. His political friends in Texas were so delighted with his dashing military record that they determined to send him to the Confederate

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Woodsonville (Kentucky, United States) (1)
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