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[265] After the close of the war, he began the study of law at the university of Virginia, and upon his admission to the bar, in 1846, he moved to Texas and settled at Marshall, where he began the practice. He was elected to the State legislature of 1856-57, and was re-elected to that body for 1859-60. While serving in the State senate, in the winter of 1860, he was elected to the Senate of the United States, where he took his seat January 4, 1861. He soon made himself felt as a power on the side of his colleagues from the South. When hostilities began, Texas had not seceded, and he remained at his post, where his brilliant and defiant rejoinders to the charges against his people, and his eloquent advocacy of the justice and right of the Southern cause, won for him immortal distinction. On July 4th, when the extra session of the Thirty-seventh Congress was called, he was not in his seat, and was expelled from that body July 11th. After Texas seceded he went at once to Montgomery, Ala., was there at the formation of the Confederacy, and was one of the signers of the Constitution. He was in Charleston, at the bombardment of Fort Sumter, and served as aide-de-camp on the staff of General Beauregard. He was stationed on Morris island, under Gen. James Simons, and on seeing the second barracks in flames and the flagstaff shot away, he determined to make his way to the fort, in the face of almost certain death, and persuade General Anderson to desist from a defense manifestly unavailing and save useless carnage and bloodshed. With three negro boatmen, he crossed the bay in the face of a terrific cross-fire of ball and shell, and, entering the fort through an embrasure, insisted on surrender by Major Anderson, as further resistance was useless. This act of heroism and humanity won for him great distinction. After the battle of Fort Sumter he proceeded to Richmond, where he was commissioned colonel of the Second regiment of Texas infantry, August 28, 1861. On October 1st of the same year he was made

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