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[24] General Twiggs, and having met with some delay, they called upon Col. Ben McCulloch to appear at that place with the troops he had collected; really more to make a demonstration of force than under any expectation that it would be necessary to use it in actual hostility. General Twiggs recognized that there was a political as well as a military question involved in his position. He had written as early as the 15th of January to his government to be relieved of his position before the 4th of the ensuing March, and for orders directing what to do in the emergency, also giving the information that he would not fight against the Southern people. The commissioners having made a demand upon him for the surrender of the troops and post under his command, he appointed a committee of his officers to consult with the commissioners, which produced no result, and Twiggs hesitated in taking action, having received no orders from the United States government. The commissioners, to bring the matter to an issue, called in Col. Ben McCulloch, whose command, consisting of about 400 men, had arrived near the city on the 15th of February, 1861.

The action as reported by the commissioners was as follows: ‘On the morning of the 16th that officer [Col. Ben McCulloch] entered San Antonio with his command, and being joined by the city companies and about 100 citizens of San Antonio and those from Medina and Atascosa [amounting in all to over 1,000], the Alamo commissary and arsenal buildings were surrounded, and commanding positions secured before daylight on the tops of adjoining buildings. At 6 o'clock a. m. a demand in writing, in accordance with their instructions, was again made on General Twiggs for the surrender of all public property and post, and the interview between that officer and the undersigned [the commissioners] resulted in the surrender of the posts held by the Federal troops, and the delivery of all public property in San Antonio to the commissioners. The United States troops were permitted ’

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