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[55] Grande the middle of December, 1861. Having crossed the river, General Sibley on the 20th issued a proclamation taking possession of New Mexico as territory of the Confederate government. A considerable battle was fought in which many feats of skill and courage were exhibited, near Fort Craig and Valverde, where the Confederates were masters of the field, capturing artillery and prisoners. In March, 1862, the command arrived at Santa Fe, and in a battle near that place, at Glorieta, a detachment had an engagement in which great loss of life occurred. It was finally determined that the force was inadequate to hold the country, and the command retreated fighting until they reached Texas in the spring of 1862, physically worn by a winter campaign and their ranks depleted by the loss, as it was reported, of 500 of their body. The brigade for a time was distributed in different counties in Texas to recruit the companies and prepare for its future action in Texas and Louisiana. (See Appendix for details of this campaign.)

A regiment of infantry was raised (styled the Thirteenth infantry, or Bates' regiment) and stationed at Velasco, at the mouth of the Brazos river, where it remained during the war. Its officers were Col. Joseph Bates and Lieut.-Col. Reuben Brown. Henry P. Cayce was at another time lieutenant-colonel, and during its service there were Majors R. L. Foard, S. L. Perry and L. C. Rountree. Reference will be further made of the officers when any action at the different ports of Texas shall have occurred. This must suffice for a description of the disposition of the Texas forces during the year 1861, so far as the records and other reliable information show.

The legislature of Texas met in November, 1861, and elected to the Confederate Senate, under the permanent government, Louis T. Wigfall and W. S. Oldham. The representatives elected to Congress at the general election in August of that year were John A. Wilcox, C. C. Herbert, Peter W. Gray, B. F. Sexton, M. D. Graham

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