the Jefferson Rifles.
In April, 1861, he was colonel of the First Florida regiment of infantry, ready to go wherever the Confederate
president might order.
Stationed for some time at Pensacola
, he was in command of one of the Confederate
columns in the fight on Santa Rosa island
, October, 1861.
Early in 1862 he was promoted to brigadier-general, his command having been transferred to Corinth, Miss.
At the battle of Shiloh
his brigade was composed of the Seventeenth Louisiana, the Louisiana Guards Response battalion, the Florida
battalion (First regiment) under Maj. T. A. McDonell
, Ninth Texas, Twentieth Louisiana, and a company of the Washington artillery.
Of his service General Bragg
said: ‘Brig.-Gen. Patton Anderson
was among the foremost where the fighting was hardest, and never failed to overcome whatever resistance was opposed to him. With a brigade composed almost entirely of raw troops his personal gallantry and soldierly bearing supplied the place of instruction and discipline.’
he commanded a division of Hardee
's corps, and was in charge of the extreme right.
he commanded Walthall
's brigade of Withers
' division, Polk
His participation in the magnificent right wheel of the army was inferior to that of none of the general officers
who won fame on that day. It was his brigade which was ordered to take three batteries ‘at any cost,’ and succeeded under the lead of ‘its cool, steadfast and skillful commander.’
Subsequently he commanded Chalmer
's brigade, and during the 18th and 19th of September was in command of Hindman
's division, in the Chickamauga campaign
He was mentioned by General Longstreet
as distinguished for conduct and ability.
He commanded the same division at Missionary Ridge
On February 17, 1864, he was promoted to major-general and was assigned to command of the district of Florida.
After serving five months in that capacity he was ordered to report to General Hood
at Atlanta, Ga.
, in July, 1864,