commander that such action seemed ‘fully justified as a means of defense, and especially so under the threats of the new administration.’
On April 1st a second and more formidable Federal expedition was ordered to the Gulf coast
under Colonel Harvey Brown
, who was given command of Florida
by the Federal
government and ordered to make Fort Jefferson
his main depot and base of operations.
He sailed on the ship Atlantic
, followed by the Illinois
, carrying stores, and the ships Sabine
, St. Louis
were also in the expedition, as well as the Powhatan
under Lieut. David D. Porter
, all indicating the intention of the United States
to make a formidable effort to retain armed possession of its strongholds at Key West
, Dry Tortugas
and Santa Rosa island
The forces with Colonel Brown
landed April 18th, and troops continued to arrive, it being the intention to put 3,000 men on the island.
Meanwhile the government of the Confederate States
was not idle.
Provisional forces were called out for the defense of Pensacola harbor: 1,000 from Georgia
, 1,000 from Alabama
, 1,000 from Louisiana
, 1,500 from Mississippi
, and 500 from Florida
; in all 5,000 infantry.
had an aggregate present on the last of March of a little over 1,000 Confederate State troops, and reinforcements soon began to arrive, so that he had 5,000 on the 14th of April, and advices of 2,000 more coming.
On the 20th, the Federal
expedition having arrived, affairs grew more warlike along the lines of works frowning across the bay. All intercourse with the Federals
was prohibited by General Bragg
, and martial law was declared at the Confederate
But for some time there were no active operations, and late in May some of the troops at Pensacola
were called to Virginia
At other points the State of Florida
had made warlike preparations for defense against hostile invasion, although it was realized that it was impossible to fortify the whole coast.
to St. Augustine
, 1,400 miles