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[161] command until the surrender, at which time General Gary, sheathing his sword, turned over his fine command to Colonel Gary, made his way through picket lines and warlike cordon and safely reached Charlotte, N. C., at that time the headquarters of the Southern Confederacy.

The Tenth regiment Florida infantry had its inception early in the spring of 1861, when the tocsin of war sounded throughout the land and the patriotic sons of Florida were called to arms in defense of the State. Capt. Charles F. Hopkins, who commanded the Marion artillery at St. Augustine, applied for and received a commission to raise a battalion of infantry, the first organized in the State. He soon enlisted six companies, commanded by Captains Scott, Frink, Richard, Buckman and Kendrick. They were mustered into the Confederate army and assigned to duty at Fernandina under command of Lieutenant-Colonel Hopkins, and there remained until the evacuation of that place by our forces in the spring of 1862. The First battalion constituted a part of General Finegan's brigade, and was engaged in all the operations of our troops against the Federals during their occupation of Jacksonville with superior forces, until the brigade was ordered to the support of the army of Virginia. On the arrival of the brigade at Richmond a change was made in the battalions as has been noted, and the First Florida battalion, with the companies of Captains Mays, Stewart, Clarke and Powers of the Second battalion (Brevard's) constituted the Tenth regiment, Colonel Hopkins commanding. They were soon engaged in the desperate fights to prevent Grant's army from reaching Richmond. Early in June they participated in recapturing the breastworks at Cold Harbor, sustaining a heavy loss in killed and wounded; fought gallantly at Ream's Station on the 30th, and on the Weldon railroad, August 2d, charged within 100 yards of the Federal breastworks, but were compelled to fall back with a heavy

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