necessary; but the preservation of the crops, order and safety require that a certain number of active men should remain within the State
On May 2, 1863, President Davis
telegraphed Governor Pettus
: ‘Can you aid General Pemberton
by furnishing for short service militia or persons exempt from military service, who may be temporarily organized to repel the invasion?’
The stout-hearted and iron-willed war governor answered back the same day: ‘The people are turning out, from fifty to sixty. Mississippi
is more seriously threatened than ever before.
Send me arms and ammunition.
Our people will fight.’
And so, from 60,001 free white men in the State
in 1860-61 between ages of 21 and 50, Mississippi
on August 1, 1863, had furnished to the Confederacy
63,908 volunteer soldiers.
(See House Journal, November, 1862, and November, 1863, appendix, p. 76.) There has been no such exhibition of patriotism since Bruce
left the craigs of Scotland
After the surrender of Island No.10
, General Beauregard
ordered the destruction of cotton along the Mississippi river
, to prevent its falling into the hands of the enemy, and apprehensions were entertained that Vicksburg
might soon be attacked by the Federals
Some troops were sent there, and fortifications were begun under Capt. D. B. Harris
, chief of engineers.
was at this time military commander at Vicksburg
Capt. Ed. A. Porter
reported from Holly Springs
, June 6th, that, acting under orders, he had caused to be burned in Fayette
and Tipton counties
, and Marshall
and De Soto counties
, upwards of 30,000 bales of cotton, meeting with little opposition from the planters, who were generally ready to make this sacrifice for the good of the country.
Col. N. B. Forrest
was also directed to perform this work of patriotic destruction south of the Tennessee river