Gen. Joseph E. Johnston
arrived at Jackson
on the evening of the same day, and assumed chief command in the State
He sent a note to Pemberton
which was delivered on the morning of the 14th, containing these words: ‘I have lately arrived and learn that MajorGen-eral Sherman
is between us with four divisions at Clinton
It is important to re-establish communications, that you may be reinforced.
If practicable, come up on his rear at once.
To beat such a detachment would be of immense value.
The troops here could co-operate.
All the strength you can quickly assemble should be brought.
Time is all important.’
, immediately upon being informed of McPherson
's success at Raymond
had abandoned his plan of attack on Pemberton
and began a movement of his entire army to strike the Confederate
force at Jackson
before it could be reinforced from other quarters.
withdrew from before Edwards
, and sent part of his corps to Clinton
and part to Raymond
, and an immediate attack on Jackson
was ordered by Sherman
and by McPherson
This was all done on the 13th, and at nine o'clock, on the same morning that Pemberton
received the order to march against Sherman
were attacking the pickets at Jackson
On receiving the order from Johnston
replied that he would at once move his whole available force, about 16,000, from Edwards
, leaving Vaughn
's brigade, about 1,500, at Big Black bridge, and 7,500 men under Smith
on the Vicksburg river lines.
's brigade, about 1,500, would follow in rear of Pemberton
But before this movement was executed, Pemberton
held a council of war, in which, he says, ‘a majority of the officers present expressed themselves favorable to the movement indicated by General Johnston
The others, including Major-Generals Loring
, preferred ’