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[265] wall and successfully repulsing the charge of the Mexican Lancers. In a letter addressed to his son, since the close of the civil war, General Hooker says: ‘It was all the work of a few moments, but was long enough to satisfy me of the character of your father. It was through his agency mainly that our division was saved from a cruel slaughter, and the effect on the part of the army serving on that side of the town would have been almost, if not quite, irreparable. The coolness and magnificent presence your father displayed on the field, brief as it was, left an impression on my mind that I have never forgotten. They prepared me for the stirring accounts related by his companions on the Utah campaign, and for his almost god-like deeds on the field on which he fell, at Shiloh.’ Thus without a command, his cool, clear head and brave heart and single arm, ever seeking the post of danger and the point of duty, did more perhaps than any other one single man to secure the triumph of the American arms. During the assault General Johnston was attached to Hamer's brigade of Butler's division. Remaining with Colonel Mitchell's First Ohio regiment, he was near that officer when he fell wounded in the streets of Monterey. General Butler was wounded at the same point. General Johnston's horse was thrice wounded; but, though he was a conspicuous mark for the enemy's sharp shooters, he would not dismount, when all the officers around him were dismounted or disabled. Generals Taylor and Butler passed the highest encomiums on the efficiency and gallantry of General Johnston at the battle of Monterey and on the march, and united in recommending him for the position of Brigadier-General. Such appointment was not made, and General Johnston retired to his farm in Brazoria county, Texas. When General Taylor was elected President of the United States, he appointed General Johnston, in December, 1849, pay-master in the army of the United States, with the rank of Colonel. Although he would have preferred an appointment in the line, he did not decline, as it was in the line of his profession, and for which he had been educated. He was assigned to duty in the Department of Texas and the West.

One who knew him well while in command of the Department of Texas, as Colonel of cavalry, says of him, and of his future great Commander, then occupying the place of second in rank: ‘In the course of an eventful life and extensive travel, I have come in contact with many of the historic personages of the day; and yet, I scruple not to say, that of them all, but three, to my thinking, would stand the test of the most rigid scrutiny. Of these, by a singular coincidence ’



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