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‘ [266] the Colonel and Lieutenant-Colonel of a cavalry regiment in the United States army—afterward respectively the ranking officers of a hostile army—Albert Sidney Johnston and Robert E. Lee were two. The third was Mr. Calhoun. No time-serving or self-seeking entered into their calculations. Self-abnegation, at the bidding of duty, was the rule of their lives. Could our much-maligned section lay no further claim to the consideration of mankind, the fact that it produced, almost in the same generation, such a triumvirate, typical of their people, is enough to place it among the foremost nations of the earth in the realm of thought, patriotism and knightly grace.’

By the treaty of 1848 the Territory of Utah was ceded to the United States. Some of the Federal judges sent to the Territory were murdered, and others were driven from the Territory. General Johnston was put in command of the troops sent to restore order in the Territory. He arrived at Fort Leavenworth on the 11th of September, and by the 17th of the same month was on the road to Salt Lake City, his command acting as an escort to the civil officers sent to said Territory. His march was through ice and snow; the severity of the climate was such that nearly all his animals perished. But he proceeded on through every obstacle, and marching on foot at the head of his troops, by firmness and a proper display of his force, he restored peace and order to the Territory. This was his last military duty until the breaking out of the civil war, which found him in command in California. When Texas, his adopted State, cast her fortunes with the Confederacy, General Johnston resigned his command intact and with good faith to the government he served, and set out on horseback to Richmond, Va., and offered his services to the Confederacy. General Johnston's services were eagerly accepted by President Davis, his companion in his academic career and his comrade in arms, who knew his full worth. He was made a Brigadier-General by order bearing date September 10, 1861, and assigned to Department No. 2, embracing the States of Tennessee and Arkansas, and that part of Mississippi west of the New Orleans, Jackson and Great Northern and Central Railroads; also the military operations in Kentucky, Kansas and the Indian Territory—a command imperiel in its extent and with unlimited military discretion. His biographer well remarks: ‘He lacked nothing except men and munitions of war, and the means of obtaining them.’ ‘His army had to be enlisted before it could be led.’

General Johnston arrived at Nashville on September 14, 1861, and, acting with his accustomed promptitude of action, notified the President



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