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[444] did in glowing and earnest terms, which I cannot repeat except in their substance. This, however, was impressed indelibly upon my mind, and I believe I can state it with exactness.

To those of you who are not personally acquainted with Governor Anderson, I will state that he is a son of Colonel Richard C. Anderson, Sr., an old Revolutionary soldier of abilities and reputation, one of the early pioneers of the State of Kentucky, and who settled in Jefferson county in the year 1783. Charles Anderson was also a brother of General Robert Anderson, the hero of Fort Sumter. Long before Robert Anderson's views were known or his position taken on behalf of the Union cause, Charles Anderson, then a resident of Texas, had proclaimed himself an uncompromising Union man, and suffered imprisonment at the hands of the Confederate authorities in Texas for some time and until his escape by flight into and through Mexico. He took up his residence in Ohio, was elected Lieutenant Governor, and became Governor of Ohio by the death of Governor Brough.

Now to my story. Prior to 1860 Governor Anderson had been upon intimate terms both with General Scott and with General (then Colonel) Robert E. Lee. He was a delegate at large from the State of Ohio in the convention which nominated General Scott for the Presidency, and largely contributed to that nomination. In the fall of 1860 General Scott, the commander of the army of the United States, was at Washington city. Colonel Lee, in command of his regiment, was stationed in TexasGovernor Anderson living at San Antonio, Texas. General Twiggs was in command of the military department of Texas.

On November 20th, 1860, Governor Anderson had made a speech at a secession meeting at the Alamo, opposing secession, and announcing his own purpose of adherence to the Union cause to the end. Shortly after that time, General Scott, having learned his position on national affairs, prepared and sent to him a paper, partly military and partly political.1

1 It was a copy of a monograph against secession, to be addressed to his fellow-citizens of the Southern States, and especially to those of his dear native State of Virginia. Accompanying this memoir was an official letter addressed to the President of the United States, through the Secretary of War, dated a day or two before the election, and admonishing him of the certainty of Lincoln's success, of the equal certainty of the secession of the Southern States, and the almost equal certainty of their swift seizure of the following forts, in this order, viz.: Fortress Monroe, Fort Moultrie and Fort Pickens. General Scott, therefore, as an official duty, advised the President whence such reinforcements could be drawn from Northern forts as would make a coup de main impossible and a capture by sieges very improbable.

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