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[525]

“Number of prisoners received at Elmira, from July, 1864, to May, 1865, 12,121; transferred, 4,273; released, 4,741; died, 2,933; unaccounted for, 174.” Of this number about twenty escaped from the prison by tunneling under the fence—what became of the others is not known. Thinking that these figures will be of interest to the readers of the Southern Historical Society Papers, I send them to you to use as you may see fit.

Very respectfully yours,

J. S. Hutchinson, Pastor M. E. Church, South, Fredericksburg, Va. (Formerly private Company F, Tenth Regiment Va. Infantry).

It will be seen that these figures substantially confirm those in the following extract from a statement made by Hon. A. M. Keiley, of Richmond, Va., and published by us in Vol. I, p. 268 of our Papers.

At Andersonville the mortality averaged a thousand a month out of thirty-six thousand, or one thirty-sixth. At Elmira it was three hundred and eighty-six out of nine thousand five hundred, or one twenty-fifth of the whole. At Elmira it was four per cent.; at Andersonville less than three per cent. If the mortality at Andersonville had been as great as at Elmira the deaths should have been one thousand four hundred and forty per month, or fifty per cent. more than they were.

‘I speak by the card respecting these matters, having kept the morning return of deaths for the last month and a half of my life in Elmira, and transferred the figures to my diary, which lies before me: and this, be it remembered, in a country where food was cheap and abundant; where all the appliances of the remedial art were to be had on mere requisition; where there was no military necessity requiring the government to sacrifice almost every consideration to the inaccessibility of the prison and the securing of the prisoners, and where Nature had furnished every possible requisite for salubrity.’ Losses of the Army of the Potomac:

In his oration before the veterans of the Army of the Potomac, at their last reunion, Major Maginnis gave an estimate of losses of this army, which we think can be shown to be greatly below the real figures, but we give his figures as a most eloquent tribute to

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