previous next
[38] fifty-seven men1 while in our brigade at Manassas they averaged only three hundred.2 Still greater was the disparity in the regiments of Jackson's and Ewell's division which had been in the Valley campaign. Early's regiments in the Manassas campaign averaged but two hundred and fifty; others had not more than one hundred and fifty;3 It is probable, therefore, that of the forty-two regiments from Virginia, the seventeen which had been with Jackson in the Valley did not average two hundred. So, too, some of the regiments which had been in the Peninsula, under Johnson, were greatly reduced.

But there is another comparison by which the disproportionate loss of South Carolina troops in this battle can be more accurately shown. By Colonel Allan's estimate, as we have seen, Jackson's corps of infantry was 22,500 strong, and he puts Longstreet's at 26,768.4 So that Lee had 49,268 infantry present. The official list of casualties at Manassas, makes a total of 7,244;5 but these include forty-nine casualties in the artillery, which, for our present purpose, must be excluded,6 leaving 7, 195 killed and wounded in the infantry. To these we must add the losses in our two regiments (Twelfth and Rifles) omitted in the official list, i. e., two hundred and sixty-one, and the losses in the brigades of Wilcox, Featherston and Pryor, three hundred and thirty, making our total loss in the infantry, 7,786. Of the 49,268 infantry which Lee had at Manassas, South Carolina furnished about 6,000, as follows: Gregg's brigade, 1,500,7 Jenkins, (estimate) 1,500,8 Evans, 2,200,9 Hampton Legion (estimate) 300,10

1 Southern Historical Papers, volume VIII, page 180.

2 History Gregg's Brigade, page 37.

3 Southern Historical Papers, volume VIII, page 180.

4 Ibid, 219.

5 Reports Army of Northern Virginia, volume I, page 52.

6 I have omitted the artillery from my calculation as I have not sufficient data as to the State to which the batteries belonged, and there are but few reports, if any, from officers of batteries.

7 History Gregg's Brigade, J. F. J. Caldwell.

8 The strength of this brigade is not given in the reports; but in the lists of casualties published in the Mercury the numbers carried into action are given: First South Carolina volunteers (Hagood's), 324; Palmetto sharpshooters, 350; Fifth South Carolina volunteers, 220; Sixth South Carolina volunteers, 356. The numbers of the Second Rifles and Fourth battalion South Carolina volunteers are not given in their list of casualties in this battle; but in the lists of casualties at Frasier's farm, 30th of June, the numbers carried into action are given as, Second Rifles, 275, Fourth battalion, 70. Supposing their strength to have been the same at Manassas, this brigade would have had present 1,589.

9 Reports A. N. V., volume II, page 290.

10 General T. M. Logan.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Places (automatically extracted)

View a map of the most frequently mentioned places in this document.

Sort places alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a place to search for it in this document.
South Carolina (South Carolina, United States) (2)
Jackson (Mississippi, United States) (2)

Download Pleiades ancient places geospacial dataset for this text.

hide People (automatically extracted)
hide Dates (automatically extracted)
Sort dates alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a date to search for it in this document.
June 30th (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: