How emancipation came about.
Emancipation, therefore, was used as a threat to the States that should continue to resist the Federal
arms after the 1st day of January, 1863, and protection to slavery by the Federal Government
was the reward promised to such States as should cease to resist.
But Mr. Lincoln
has left no room for doubt as to his views on this subject.
One month before the warning proclamation of September 22d, he wrote to Mr. Greeley
My paramount object is to save the Union and not either to save or destroy slavery.
If I could save the Union without freeing any slaves I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves I would do it, and if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone I would do that also.
What I do about slavery and the colored race I do because I believe it helps to save the Union, and what I forbear I forbear because I do not believe it would help to save the Union.
It is apparent that Mr. Lincoln
regarded the maintenance of the territorial integrity of the Union
as the object of the war, regardless of all considerations affecting slavery or the colored race.
My subject, however, relates more nearly to the action of the people of the South
with reference to secession and the war, and it is concerning this part of the history of the time that the greatest amount of ignorance and misrepresentation exists.
They are all commonly designated as secessionists, their cause as the cause of secession, their object the disruption of the Federal Union, and the establishment of a Southern Confederacy as something in itself to be preferred to the Federal Union.
And they are commonly represented as having adopted that cause and sought that object as a means of perpetuating African