Itinerary of the Fourth Virginia cavalry. March 27th-April 9th, 1865.
[The following memorandum is from among a mass of army papers left by the late gallant Colonel William Beverley Wooldridge
, and presented by his widow to the Southern Historical Society.
the service as first lieutenant of Company B (Chesterfield Troop) of the Fourth Virginia Cavalry, and became by successive promotions its colonel.
He lost a leg at Spotsylvania Court House, but rejoined his loved command as soon as his wound healed.
At the time of the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia he was in command of Fitz Lee
's old brigade.
It is authoritatively stated that a commission of brigadier-general for Colonel Wooldridge
had been filled, and was about to be transmitted to him from the Adjutant General
's Office when General Lee
Although a majority of the 4th Virginia Cavalry was surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, as stated herewith, Colonel Wooldridge
was not paroled until sometime afterwards, being with the force of the resolute Munford
, commanding divisions, having succeeded in cutting their way through the lines of Federal army, immediately made arrangements to continue the struggle.
A printed order issued by Munford
at Lynchburg, Va.
, April 21, 1865, glows with the undying spirit of resistance.
The capitulation of General Johnston
could only convince him of the futility of further resistance.]
Monday, March 27th.
; camped for the night in Chesterfield county
Tuesday, March 28th.
Went to Dinwiddie county
, and camped for the night at Sutherland's Tavern.
Wednesday, March 29th.
Laid in line of battle near Hatcher
's creek, Payne
's Brigade fighting, we supporting him; camped for the night near Hatcher
Thursday, March 30th.
Moved towards Five Forks
's division and cavalry drove enemy back.
While driving him back night overtook us; we came back a short distance and went into camp.
Friday, March 31st.
Attacked by enemy next morning.
's division and cavalry driven by enemy at Five Forks
; camped for the night at——Station on Southside Railroad.
Saturday, April 1st.
Enemy pressing us all day, especially in the afternoon; succeeded in checking him at Mulberry Inn, near the line of Amelia
and Dinwiddie counties
; remained in breastworks here all night.
Enemy charged in several times—repulsed.
Sunday, April 2d.
We left about daybreak; went three or four miles and remained until about 10 o'clock A. M. Enemy appeared, drove in picket, closely pressed us to Bevil
's bridge on Appomattox river
; camped for the night near Bevil
Monday, April 3d.
Remained in line of battle all day; no fighting; camped within a few miles of Amelia Courthouse.
Tuesday, April 4th.
Met with General Lee
's army at Amelia Courthouse; hurried to the front; attacked the enemy while burning wagon train; drove him beyond Amelia Springs
; killed, wounded and captured many of the enemy; came back and encamped at Amelia Springs
Wednesday, April 5th.
We left Amelia Springs
; in line of battle near High Bridge
all night; fell back just before sunrise.
Thursday, April 6th.
Killed General Reid
and captured his brigade near High Bridge
; lost Boston
Laid in breastworks not far from High Bridge
Friday, April 7th. Left High Bridge, fighting every step, falling back, closely pressed by the enemy, until we got three or four miles above Farmville
; went forward and attacked enemy, burning wagon train; took General Gregg
prisoner late in afternoon; went into camp at——cross-roads, seven or eight miles above Farmville
Saturday April 8th.
Enemy closely pressed us until we got to new store in Buckingham county
; we then marched on and encamped near Appomattox Courthouse.
Sunday April 9th.
Went early in the morning to Appomattox Courthouse and surrendered.