favorably with such average acquirements in Old England or New England
My friend, President Tyler
, of William and Mary College, who has carefully examined the records of York county
from 1645, informs me that they sustain this conclusion.
He found, however, at the conclusion of the seventeenth century evidences of a marked improvement in education and in material circumstances.
Possessions were more valuable, and included many concomitants of comfort and refinement.
proves from the marriage bonds recorded in Norfolk county
from 1750 to 1761, that ninety-four per cent. of its inhabitants conld write.
Indentured servants and others, who by service, usually for three years, repaid the costs advanced for their transportation (hence the term transport), were employed from an early period.
Many of such servants were persons of education, who by vicissitude of fortune had fallen into poverty.
I published from the original in the Richmond Standard
, November 16, 1878, an indenture dated July 1, 1628, binding one John Logwood
to service for four years to Edward Hurd
, in Virginia
This document is witnessed by excellent signatures of two servants of Hurd
Such educated servants were constantly employed as tutors in the families of the planters.
The fact is noted by a traveller in 1746, who writes of the Virginians: Those that can't afford to send their children to the better schools send them to the country schoolmaster. * * * * Often a clever servant * is indentured to some planter * * as a schoolmaster.1
In 1649 there were twenty churches in Virginia
, with ministers to each.
There were also, besides other schools, a free school in Elizabeth City county amply endowed by bequest of Benjamin Symes
in 1634—the first legacy for such purpose made by a resident of the American
Other free schools followed in the benefactions of Virginia
planters — in Gloucester county
in 1675, founded by Henry Peasley
; in Yorktown
in 1691, by Governor Francis Nicholson
in Westmoreand in 1700, by William Horton
; in Accomac
in 1710, by Samuel Sanford
; in Elizabeth City
in 1730, by Thomas Eaton
In 1700 there