The Medical history of the Confederate States Army and Navy
Comprising the official report of Surgeon Joseph Jones
, M. D, Ll. D., Surgeon General
of the United Confederate Veterans
; a report of the proceedings of the reunion of the survivors of the Medical Corps
of the Confederate States
Army and Navy, July 2, 1892, at N. B. Forrest
Camp, Chattanooga, Tennessee
, address of Surgeon-General Jones
, with statistics of the armies of Mississippi
, 1861-1861, and results of great battles, and official correspondence of Dr. Jones
as to the forces and losses of the Southern States
, 1861-1861, with reference to the number and condition of the surviving Confederate soldiers who were disabled by the wounds and diseases received in Defence of the rights and Liberties of the Southern States
[The historical value and interest of the following papers is manifest.
Professor Joseph Jones
, M. D., Ll.D., a born devotee to useful research and faithful demonstration is a representative of intrinsic worth, and beneficent life in several generations.
He entered the Confederate States
Army, modestly, as a private in the ranks, but in a short time his ability constrained his commission as a surgeon, and he was detailed by the able and astute Surgeon-General
, Doctor S. P. Moore
(whose useful services as a citizen of Richmond
, is held in grateful memory), to investigate camp diseases, and the native remedial resources of the South
, to supply a vital want which the Federal
authorities had created by declaring medicine contraband of war. His own voluminous publications, the experience of the Confederate Medical Staff
and published provision and results, attest the priceless value of his acumen and service.
He was the first Secretary
of the Southern Historical Society
, organized in New Orleans, May 1, 1869, and it is held an honor by the present secretary, to be, in a line, his successor.]
I Official Report of Joseph Jones, M. D., of New Orleans, Louisiana, Surgeon-General United Confederate Veterans, Concerning the Medical Department of the Confederate Army and Navy.
To accomplish the first object, the following circular, No. 1, has been issued:
1. The Collection and Preservation of the Records of Medical Officers of the Confederate Army and Navy
Formation of the Medical Corps of the Confederate Army and Navy.
The entire army of the Confederate States
was made up of volunteers from every walk of life, and the surgical staff of the army was composed of general practitioners from all parts of the Southern
country whose previous professional life, during the period of unbroken peace which preceded the civil war, 1861-‘65, gave them but little surgery, and very seldom presented a gunshot wound.
The study of the hygiene of vast armies hastily collected to repel invasion,
poorly equipped and scantily fed, as well as the frightful experience of the wounded upon the battle-field, and the horrible sufferings of the sick and wounded in the hospital, unfolded a vast field for the exercise of the highest skill and loftiest patriotism of the medical men of the South
This body of men, devoted solely to the preservation of the health of the troops in the field, and the preservation of their precious lives, and the surgical care of their mangled bodies and limbs, and the treatment of their diseases in field and general hospital, responded to every call of their bleeding country, and formed upon land and upon sea one indivisible corps, which penetrated all arms of the service, and labored for every soldier, however exalted or however low his rank.
When the storm of war suddenly broke upon the Confederacy
, and the thunders of cannon were heard around her borders, and her soil trembled with the march of armed battalions; when her ports were blockaded, and medicines and surgical instruments
and works were excluded as contraband of war, the medical practitioners of the South
gave their lives and fortunes to their country, without any prospect of military or political fame or preferment.
They searched the fields and forests for remedies; they improvised their surgical implements from the common instruments of every day life; they marched with the armies, and watched by day and by night in the trenches.
The Southern surgeons rescued the wounded on the battle-field, binding up the wounds, and preserving the shattered limbs of their countrymen; the Southern
surgeons through four long years opposed their skill and untiring energies to the ravages of war and pestilence.
At all times and under all circumstances, in rain and sunshine, in the cold winter and the burning heat of summer, and the roar of battle, the hissing of bullets and the shriek and crash of shells, the brave hearts, cool heads and strong arms of Southern surgeons were employed but for one purpose — the preservation of the health and lives and the limbs of their countrymen.
The Southern surgeons were the first to succor the wounded and the sick, and their ears recorded the last words of love and affection for country and kindred, and their hands closed the eyes of the dying Confederate soldiers.
When the sword decided the cause against the