pursue them, and they were allowed to take their own time to get back to Corinth
The first day's fight was a decisive victory for the Confederates
; the second day victory perched on the banners of the Federals
We give below the strength of General Grant
's army as compiled by the War Department, giving the last returns of the various commands made just before the battle: Grant
's army, present for duty, 49,314; total present, 38,052.
Deducting Lew Wallace
's division of 7,771 effectives, which was only five miles away, guarding the right flank, and for some cause did not participate in the first day's fight, and General Grant
's effectives are 41,543.
's army at Corinth
, on the 3d of April, when he began the march to Shiloh
, twenty-three miles distant, numbered, total effectives of all arms, 38,773.
Of course many of these dropped out in the march, and were not present in the fight.
—In the first day's battle, Federals, 41,543 effectives, with Lew Wallace
's division of 7,771 within five miles, and the gunboats, Tyler
, with four twenty-pound parrot guns in, and a battery of rifle guns.
First day, Confederates, 38,773 effectives.
Second day, Federals same as first day, except losses, with Wallace
's division of 7,771, and Buell
's 21,579 added.
Second day, Confederates the same as first day, less their losses on first day.
It is supposed from the most accurate statistics which can be gotten as to the loss, in both armies, the first day, that three-fourths of the entire loss occurred on that day. The Federal loss (‘Battles and Leaders
I, p. 538.) was 3,049; three-fourths of this would be 9,783, for the loss of the first day. Deducting this amount from the 41,543 effectives of the first day, and it would give 31,760 effectives, to which add Wallace
's 7,771 and Buell
's 21,579, and the grand total of effectives for the battle of Monday
would be 61,110.
Applying this same rule to the Confederates
, the result would be as follows: The Confederate loss was 10,699; three-fourths of this amount, viz., 8,025, deducted from 38,775 effectives, would leave 30,748 Confederates for the field on Monday.
This gave Grant
, on Monday, 61,110; Beauregard
, on Monday, 30,748; difference in favor of Grant
This was two to one against the Confederates
, lacking 386.
Verily, did the Federals
fight against ‘superior numbers’ at Shiloh
This battle made Grant
famous, and Buell
, the Blucher of the occasion, was soon retired into obscurity.
We do not propose to discuss in this article the generalship displayed