The largest muster-roll of the Southern Confederacy (See ‘Battles and Leaders
IV, page 768) was on January 1, 1864, and was 472,781.
Deducting 455,414, troops furnished by the Southern States
to the Federal
army, from 472,781 on the Confederate
roll January I, 1864, it would be as follows:
|Troops on Confederate muster-roll January I, 1864||472,781|
|Troops furnished by Southern States to Federal army||455,414|
In other words, the Southern States
contributed to the Federal
army within 17,367 as many soldiers as the Confederacy
had on its rolls January 1, 1864.
Efforts have been made to get the number of foreigners enlisted in the Federal
army, outside of those who were previously naturalized, but no accurate statistics have been found on that subject.
It may safely be estimated at 144,586.
, agent for the United States Government for the collection of Confederate statistics, gives 600,000 as the greatest number of soldiers enlisted in the Confederate
Tabulated, it would be as follows:
|Total Confederates enlisted||600,000|
|Federals from Southern States||276,439|
Above we have given the ‘estimated’ number of foreigners enlisted as soldiers in the Federal
Later statistics show the nationality of all foreigners who fought for the Union
as follows: Germans, 176,800; Irish
, 144,200; British Americans
, 53,500; English
, 45,500; other foreigners, 74,900; total, 494,900.
It will be seen that our estimate of 144,586 was really far below the actual facts.
Thus it will be seen that the Federals
had an army fully as large or larger than the entire Confederate enlistments without drawing a man from the Northern
or non-slaveholding States.
The Federal army in its report for May 1, 1865, had present for duty 1,000,516, while it had ‘present equipped’ 602,598.