March through the streets.
A splendid parade of military and Veterans viewed by an enthusiastic throng.
There was an unusually large crowd of visitors in the city, and as their numbers were greatly augmented by the military and veterans from various portions of the State
, the streets were thronged from early morn till late at night.
The hotels were packed, and every train added to the multitude, which seemed to grow as the hours wore on. Broad street, especially in the neghborhood of the Regimental Armory
, was literally jammed in the early part of the morning, and for several squares around the thoroughfares were almost blockaded.
Most of the visiting military reached here on Sunday, and as the various organizations arrived they were met at the depots by the local volunteers and escorted to their quarters.
Throughout the Sabbath, and even until 9 or 10 o'clock yesterday morning the
armory was like a bee-hive, and hundreds of men were pouring back and forth, while a crowd was constantly in front of the building.
Guards were posted at the doors to keep back the public, and these were on duty from early Sunday morning until the troops formed in line yesterday.
The visiting soldier boys were evidently enjoying themselves as much as possible, and before the column moved they could be seen scattered about in every direction.
Crowds on the street.
The parade, which was one of the leading features of the day, was the finest display of military and veterans seen in this city since the Lee
monument unveiling, and attracted universal attention.
Thousands of people lined the streets from the Capitol
square, where the various organizations began to fall in, up to the Lee-Monument grounds
The porches and verandas along the route were crowded with pretty girls, who cheered and waved their handkerchiefs to the troops as they passed.
A few minutes after 9 o'clock the formation of the magnificent column was commenced, and the various companies, troops and batteries began falling in. Broad street from Fifth to Ninth, and Marshall
from the Armory
to Ninth fairly swarmed with soldiery, and the thoroughfares looked as if the city had been besieged by a mighty invading host.
The flash of the musketry and the gleaming of the cavalry and artillery sabres were truly an inspiring sight, which was rendered still more imposing by the appearance of the veterans, nearly all of whom wore the Confederate
Hundreds of badges with the colors of the Lost Cause
were sold upon the streets, and many of these were worn upon the coat lapels of those who marched in the long line.
The arrangements for the formation of the procession had been made with great care and precision, but some little difficulty was experienced in getting the various organizations in exactly the right places.
The column was, therefore, a trifle late moving.
The order to ‘forward, march!’
was given a few minutes before 11 o'clock. Grace street from Ninth to Fifth, the first part of the route, was literally jammed with men, women, and children, and the greatest enthusiasm prevailed when the procession started amidst the strains of inspiring music and the hurrahs of the multitude.
The police, marshal and aids.
A squad of mounted police under command of Captain E. P. Hulce
, of the Third District, rode at the head of the line.
The ‘blue coats’ all wore their helmets of gray, and presented an excellent appearance.
Behind these came the chief-marshal
, General Harry Heth
, who wore a buff sash and looked every inch a soldier as he sat erect on his prancing charger.
He was followed by Colonel William H. Palmer
, his chief of staff, whose sash was white.
The aids, all of whom wore red sashes, were as follows: Captain W. Gordon McCabe
; Colonel W. W. Finney
, Sublett's Tavern, Virginia
; Lieutenant Beverly H. Selden
; Captain Stockton Heth
, Radford, Virginia
; Colonel G. M. Fague
, Washington, D. C.
; Dr. George Ross
; Dr. C. W. P. Brock
; Joseph Bryan
; Captain R. H. T. Adams
; Colonel J. V. Bidgood
; Judge E. C. Minor
; Judge H. W. Flournoy
; Colonel T. M. R. Talcott
; Colonel Walter H. Taylor
; General G. M. Sorrell
, Savannah, Georgia
; W. R. Trigg
; Colonel A. G. Dickinson
, New York; Captain W. H. Weisiger
; Colonel W. E. Tanner
; G. Powell Hill
; Colonel Archer Anderson
; General T. M. Logan
; Captain Charles U. Williams
; Colonel R. L. Maury
; Colonel C. O'B. Cowardin
; Captain E. P. Reeve
; Major N. V. Randolph
; Judge Geo. L. Christian
; Chas. Selden
Colonel Henry C. Jones
, commandant of the First Virginia regiment of Infantry, had charge of all the militia.
He was accompanied by the following officers from the brigade staff: Major John H. Dinneen
; Major Meriwether Jones
, quartermaster; Major M. D. Hoge, Jr.
, surgeon; and Major William M. Evans
, assistant adjutant-general
. Captain L. T. Christian
and Captain B. B. Walker
, of the Second regiment, District of Columbia National Guard, by special request, also acted as members of Colonel Jones
's staff, all of whom were mounted.
The First at the head.
The First regiment, which presented a splendid appearance and marched unusually well, headed the infantry forces.
commanded the first battalion and Captain Charles Gasser
, the second.
The following were the staff officers: Major E. P. Turner
, surgeon; Captain D. A. Kuyk
; Captain E. A. Shepherd
, adjutant; Captain J. R. Tennant
, quartermaster; Captain Cyrus Bossieux
, commissary; and Rev. Dr. Moses D. Hoge
The figure of the beloved Presbyterian divine, as he sat erect and soldierly upon his horse, attracted considerable attention.
The non-commissioned staff, who marched with drawn swords, were Sergeant-Major R. B. Hickok
, Quartermaster-Sergeant P. L. Falkiner
, Ordnance Sergeant H. P. Gray
, Commissary-Sergeant J. V. B. Moore
, Post-Quartermaster-Sergeant J. S. L. Owen
(Company A) were commanded by Captain C. Gray Bossieux
, with Lieutenants Garrison
and nine commissioned officers.
Thirty-five privates were in line, making a total rank and file of fifty-six men.
Captain Frank Cunningham
commanded the Walker
Light Guard (Company B), and his commissioned officer was Lieutenant J. J. Haverty
. Lieutenant William Russell
was assigned to duty as adjutant of the Second battalion. Fifty officers and privates of the company paraded.
Captain Harry Lee Watson
, the newly-elected commandant, was at the head of Company C, which paraded thirty-five men. Lieutenant J. B. Patton
was the next officer in rank, while Lieutenant J. R. Holstead
, the other commissioned officer, was detailed as officer of the guard.
Company D, which was commanded by First-Lieutenant Charles A. Crawford
, in the absence of Captain Gasser
, who had charge of the Second battallion, turned out fifty-seven men.
Captain E. Leslie Spence
, officer of the day, commanded Company E, which paraded thirty-five men. The other officers were Lieutenants J. P. Davis
and George R. Fairlamb
Company F, which paraded thirty-two, was commanded by Captain George Wayne Anderson
, with Lieutenants S. J. Doswell
and G. P. Shackelford
Corps of the regiment turned out in large numbers.
The following were the members in line: Acting-Stewards Flavius Glinn
, L. H. Burwell
, H. L. Cardoza
, G. F. Ferrin
, P. E. Gibbs
, W. H. Goodliff
, Samuel Harris
, C. V. Jones
, Robert Hardwicke
, C. H. Kindervater
, H. Kindervater
, G. E. Matlock
, L. B. Samuels
, J. P. Scott
, W. R. Smith
, C. N. Pugh
, J. F. Waller
, B. P. T. Wood
W. H. Parker, Jr.
, L. B. Reams
, R. R. Allen
, A. G. Allen
, and G. E. Bailey
The Drum-Corps, an important adjunct of the regiment, paraded in full force, and took no trifling part in the procession, for they made themselves heard in their characteristic way.
The Fourth regiment.
A battalion of the Fourth regiment followed the First, and was preceded by an excellent band of twenty pieces.
Lieutenant-Colonel Harry Hodges
commanded, while Major L. A. Bilisoly
acted as surgeon, and Lieutenant B. W. Salomonsky
The visiting infantrymen presented a splendid appearance.
The following were the companies composing the battalion:
Company B (Norfolk
), Captain M. Terrall
; three noncommissioned officers and fifteen privates, making a total of nineteen men.
Company D (Hampton
), Captain G. W. Hope
; First Lieutenant
, F. W. Couch
; Second Lieutenant, J. W. Tennis
. Six non commissioned officers and twenty-three privates, making a total of thirty-three men.
Company E (Portsmouth
), Captain R. E. Warren
; Second Lieutenant
, T. C. Owen
. Five non-commissioned officers and twenty privates, making a total of twenty-seven men.
Company G (Petersburg Grays
), Captain F. R. Lassiter
; Lieutenants R. O. Jones
and W. L. McGill
, and twenty-five privates, making a total of twenty-eight men, rank and file.
Company K (Portsmouth
), Captain J. W. Happer
; First Lieutenant
, E. W. Owen
; Second Lieutenant, J. W. Leigh
. Seven noncommissioned officers and twenty-six privates, making a total of thirty-six men.
National Guard and Blues.
The Provisional battalion, which was commanded by Captain Sol. Cutchins
, was preceded by the Blues' Band, which rendered beautiful music as the procession moved along the route.
Company C, of the District of Columbia National Guard, of Washington
, was one of the finest-looking organizations in the command.
The officers were Captain George E. Pickett
, First-Lieutenant E. D. Smoot
, and Second-Lieutenant Underwood
There were twelve non-commissioned officers and thirty-five privates, making a total of fifty men.
The Huntington Rifles, of Newport News, were commanded by Captain G. W. Fitchett
and Lieutenants R. G. Hughes
and J. E. Williams
. Six non-commissioned officers and thirty-six privates were in line, making a total of forty-two men.
The Richmond Light Infantry Blues, under command of Lieutenant Clarence Wyatt
, paraded fifty-six men, and appeared in the pink of condition.
The other officers were Lieutenant William B. Pizzini
, Lieutenant E. T. Baker
(surgeon), First-Sergeant George Guy
-Sergeant Frank Steel
, Sergeant G. B. Mountcastle
(leader of the band), and La Rue Grove, drum-major
The latter attracted considerable attention by the skilful manner in which he twirled the baton.
The Third regiment Battalion.
The battalion of the Third regiment was commanded by Captain T. S. Keller
, and consisted of the following companies:
Company D (Charlottesville
), First Lieutenant
, L. F. Roberts
; Second Lieutenant, J. N. Marshall
. Four non-commissioned officers and thirty-three privates; total, rank and file, forty men.
Company E (Lynchburg
), Captain F. Camm
; First Lieutenant
, T. D. Oglesby
; Second Lieutenant, W. J. Seabury
; Third Lieutenant
, W. S. Faulkner
. Seven non-commission officers and twenty-four privates, making a total of thirty-five men.
The First Battallion of Artillery, which was the largest body of cannoneers that has paraded the streets of this city for years, presented a magnificent appearance as they marched with even pace along the route.
Major W. E. Simons
commanded the artillerymen, and the following were the officers of his staff: Captain W. G. Harvey
(adjutant), Major Ed. McCarthy
(surgeon), Captain J. E. Phillips
, Lieutenants R. L. Vandeventer
, E. M. Crutchfield
, and H. L. Turner
It is no disparagement to the visiting cannoneers to say that the Richmond Howitzers
presented the finest appearance of all the batteries.
They paraded mounted and carried their four guns, limber-chests and caissons.
Eighty of the gallant artillerymen were in line, and as they marched in the procession, amid the heavy, rumbling sound of the cannon, there was something truly martial in their
Captain John A. Hutcheson
commanded the Howitzers, and his Lieutenants
were W. A. Barratt
, T. H. Starke
and C. W. McFarlane
Battery, of Portsmouth
(Battery C), a recently organized company, vied with the Howitzers in neatness of appearance and soldierly demeanor.
They were commanded by Captain George W. McDonald
and Lieutenants H. R. Warren
and W. K. Gale
, and paraded fourteen non-commissioned officers and nineteen privates.
The Lynchburg Blues (Battery D), a well-drilled organization, were commanded by Captain John A. Davis
and Lieutenant J. F. Graves
, and paraded twelve non-commissioned officers and fourteen privates, making a total of thirty men.
Six troops of Cavalry.
The cavalry regiment was the largest body of military horsemen that has been seen in this city since the war, and it was an inspiring sight to behold the troopers as they proudly marched in the procession.
Colonel G. Percy Hawes
commanded the regiment, and the following were the members of his staff: Lieutenant-Colonel, W. F. Wickham
, W. Kirk Mathews
; Major Lewis Wheat
, M. D., surgeon; Captain H. M. Boykin
, adjutant; Captain A. B. Guigon
, commissary; Captain E. D. Hotchkiss
, ordnance officer; Captain E. D. McGuire
, M. D., assistant surgeon
Non-commissioned staff: Captain E. P. Turner
, surgeon of Troop B, Surry county
; Sergeant-Major W. B. Marks
, John C. Small
; Quartermaster-Sergeant J. F. Bradley
; Ordnance Sergeant
, E. S. Hazen
Organizations in the regiment.
Troop A (Stuart
Horse Guard), Captain Charles Euker
, Lieutenants E. J. Euker
and J. R. Branch
, eleven non-commissioned officers and twenty-five privates, making a total of thirty-nine.
Troop C (Fitz Lee Troop, Lynchburg
), Captain T. J. Ingram
, First Lieutenant W. M. Seay, Jr.
, Second Lieutenant H. W. Baker
; nine non-commissioned officers, and twenty-five privates—total thirty-seven.
Troop D (Hanover Troop), Captain W. D. Cardwell
, First Lieutenant M. P. Howard
, Second Lieutenant Fenton Noland
; eleven non-commissioned officers and twenty six privates—total forty.
Troop F (Chesterfield Troop), Captain David Moore
, First Lieutenant A. C. Atkinson
, Second Lieutenant J. C. Winston
; eleven non-commissioned officers, and twenty-six privates; total thirty-eight
Troop F (the Ashby
Light Horse) made their first appearance before the public in their new uniforms, and as they passed up Franklin street they were frequently greeted with applause.
Captain Edgerton S. Rogers
was in command, and the other commissioned officers were Lieutenants George
and C. H. Rose
There were eleven non-commissioned officers and thirty-six privates in line, making a total of forty-nine men rank and file.
Guests in carriages.
The military were followed by a long line of carriages containing the distinguished visitors.
The following is a list of the guests thus honored: Governor P. W. McKinney
, Hon. J. Taylor Ellyson
, Colonel C. S. Venable
, General James A. Walker
, Dr. J. William Jones
, Major T. A. Brander
, Captain Thomas Ellett
, Captain R. B. Munford
, Miss Lucy Lee Hill
, Miss Russie Gay
, Miss Forsythe
and Mrs. C. A. Saunders
, Mrs. Ransom
, Miss Thomas
, Miss Fannie Hill
, Miss Minnie Hill
, Mrs. Wiltshire
, General Fizhugh Lee
, General Dabney H. Maury
, Dr. J. B. Newton
and Mrs. Bispham
, Mr. John Purcell
, Mrs. McKinney
, Mrs. J. Taylor Ellyson
, Miss Lelia Dimmock
, Mrs. J. B. Pace
, Mr. McIntosh
, Miss McIntosh
, Mrs. McIntosh
, Mrs. General Heth
, Miss Heth
, Mrs. W. H. Palmer
, Mrs. E. G. Leigh
, Mrs. Frank Christian
, Mrs. Taylor
, Miss Taylor
, Miss Muns
, Mr. William L. Sheppard
, Mrs. William L. Sheppard
, Miss Jennie Ellett
, Miss Styles, General D. A. Weisiger
, General C. J. Anderson
, Colonel R. Snowden Andrews
, General James McDonald
, Colonel John Murphy
, Mrs. J. W. White
, Mrs. Christian
, Mrs. Brander
, Dr. C. H. Todd
, Mrs. R. B. Munford
, Mrs. Pickett
, Colonel Morton Marye
, Mr. R. H. Cardwell
, and Colonel F. G. Skinner
In addition to these there were a number of private carriages in the line.
All of the military, with the exception of one company of infantry, wore their fatigue uniforms and forage caps.
Applause for the ‘vets.’
The veteran organizations who followed behind the brightly dressed soldier lads were not less inspiring in appeararance, and the aged
warriors came in for a liberal share of applause from the multitudes who thronged the streets.
First in the line marched the Pegram Battalion
, who wore large straw hats with red bands, upon which was printed the name of their organization.
Over a hundred of the old ‘rebels’ were in the line, and despite the heat of the day and the fatigue of the walk, they showed that they had not forgotten how to march.
Captain John Tyler
, the president of the battalion, headed the organizations, and the following gentlemen, who wore red rosettes, were his aides: Captain James W. Pegram
, Mr. Joseph M. Fourqurean
, Colonel J. B. Purcell
, Mr. James T. Ferriter
, Mr. John S. Ellett
, Major A. R. Courtney
, Mr. Frank D. Hill
, Major A. W. Garber
, Mr. C. A. Robinson
, Mr. Corbin Warwick
, and Mr. H. Cabell Tabb
; Courier, Master James A. Langhorne
wore the uniform he used during the war, and also had on a white rosette to mark his rank.
The veterans of this organization proudly carried with them two historic Confederate battle-flags, which plainly showed by their appearance that they had been through the ravages of war. One of the tattered banners was the ensign of the old Pegram Battalion, and the other was the flag of Crenshaw
's Battery, which was attached to this command.
Next followed Colonel William P. Smith
, commander of the Grand
Camp of Confederate Veterans, Department of Virginia, escorted by the members of his staff, who were all mounted.
Behind these came the members of the Lee Camp
on foot, dressed in the beloved Confederate gray, and preceded by their drum corps, which made the air quake with their merry music.
Colonel A. W. Archer
, their commander, was at their head.
At least one hundred and fifty of the gallant old soldiers were in the line.
Major Robert Stiles
, on a spirited horse, accompanied this command.
He was dressed in the little gray jacket he wore during the war, and looked every inch a soldier as he galloped around on his steed.
The Maryland Veterans.
There was a great hurrah from the Virginia
soldiers when the Society of the Army and Navy of the Confederate States
, of Maryland
, headed by the Great Southern Band with about thirty pieces, fell into line behind the Lee Camp
veterans at Monroe Park
body reached the city at 11 o'clock on a special train, and was under command of General George H. Steuart
The party embraced about one hundred members of the society.
's staff consisted of Captain Winfield Peters
, Major McHenry Howard
, Major N. V. Randolph
, and Mr. S. W. Travers
The two latter were kindly designated for this duty by order of General Heth
These staff officers, who were all mounted, rendered very efficient services to General Steuart
, and it was through their aid and the kindness of Captain Ellett
and Major Brander
that the Marylanders, who arrived after the column started, were able to get their position in the line.
Among the prominent Marylanders
who were in the party were: Colonel Thomas S. Rhett
, State-Treasurer Spencer C. Jones
, Rev. William M. Dame
and Mrs. Stacey P. Bispham
and Mrs. James G. Wiltshire
(the ladies being the neices of General A. P. Hill
), Hugh McWilliams
, R. M. Chambers
, Colonel J. Thomas Scharf
, William J. Scharf
, Dr. J. G. Heusler
and Mrs. H. M. Carter
and Miss Carter
and Mrs. R. P. H. Staub
and two daughters, William J. Biedler
, Captain Adolph Elhart
, and S. A. Kennedy
, passenger agent of the Pennsylvania railroad.
An interesting incident in connection with the attendance of Generals Heth
at the unveiling of the monument is the fact that they and General Hill
were fellow-cadets at West Point
Military Academy. General Heth
was senior major-general under Lieutenant-General Hill
when the latter was killed.
Other Home veteran organizations.
The veterans of Louisa Camp, under the lead of Commander William Overton
, came next, and preceded the members of the old First Virginia regiment, who numbered about fifty men. The latter, who were under the command of Colonel F. H. Langley
, wore straw hats with black bands, which contained the name of their organization.
The Fort Monroe
band came next in the procession, and preceded Pickett-Buchanan Camp, No. 3, of Norfolk
, which was headed by Commander Walter F. Irvine
The veterans of this organization numbered about seventy-five, and were beautifully uniformed in the regulation suit of gray.
Stonewall Camp, No. 4, of Portsmouth
, paraded about twenty-five men, who were headed by Commander R. C. Marshall
. R. E. Lee
Camp, No. 2, of Alexandria
about twenty-five men, with William A. Smoot
Captain W. Gordon McCabe
commanded the veterans of A. P. Hill
Camp, No. 6, of Petersburg
, which was one of the largest organizations among the division of old soldiers.
The drumcorps of this organization preceded the warriors from the Cockade City
, who numbered about one hundred.
Maury Camp, No. 2, of Fredericksburg
, numbered about forty men, and was commanded by W. B. Goodrick
The veterans of George E. Pickett
Camp, No. 2, presented a splendid appearance.
They numbered about sixty men, and were headed by Commander Catlett Conway
A number of other Confederate camps and veteran organizations were in line, and among these were the members of the old Thirteenth Virginia Infantry and the Richmond
Light Infantry Blues' Association.
The sons of Veterans.
Last in the military column came the Sons of Confederate Veterans.
R. E. Lee
Camp, No. 1, of this city, numbered about thirty men, and was under the command of Mr. W. Dean Courtney
, while R. E. Lee
Camp, No. 2, of Alexandria
, which was headed by Mr. U. S. Lambeth
, numbered about fifteen men. R. S. Chew
Camp, of Fredericksburg
, presented a splendid appearance, as fifty-four men paraded, and all of them wore the new uniforms of the organization, which are similar to those of the veteran camps.
The officers of the Fredericksburg
‘Sons’ are: James A. Turner
, commander; W. H. Merchant
, adjutant; J. F. Anderson
, first lieutenant
; John B. Cox
, second lieutenant
; F. H. Revere
, first sergeant; Thomas Larkin
, orderly sergeant.
This camp was accompanied by Bowering
's Band of twenty-three pieces.
The members of the Board of Aldermen and City Council, who rode in hacks, brought up the rear of the line, which was followed by vehicles of every description, which contained people who were going to the unveiling.
At the Lee monument.
As the soldier boys reached the Lee
monument each infantry company came to a ‘carry,’ and the parade around the statue was to the strains of a funeral dirge.
Upon leaving the immortal Lee
in bronze the order to reverse arms was executed.
This portion of the
proceedings was exceedingly solemn, and more than one follower of the great chieftain looked up at the life-like picture with tearful eyes.
Just beyond the monument was a large number of covered wagons, containing seats, which were in waiting for the procession.
They were provided for the veterans, and at this point those who had become fatigued took seats in these vehicles, riding the remainder of the way to the grounds.
After passing the monument the, infantry took the old Hermitage road to the grounds, while the prominent visitors and citizens in carriages, buggies and other vehicles kept on around the new drive.