the position of the University in North Carolina in 1861.
When we come to study the influence of this University on North Carolina
itself, it will be seen that that influence was all powerful.
The first alumnus to attain the Governor
's chair was William Miller
Between this date and the deposition of Governor Vance
in 1866, no less than fourteen out of twenty governors were University men-Miller, Branch
, Manly, Winslow
, and Vance
They filled the chair thirty-eight years out of the fifty-two.
The influence of the University
was not less paramount in North Carolina
at the outbreak of the war in 1861 than it had been in former years.
The governor in 1861s, John W. Ellis
, and his opponent on the Whig
ticket in 1860, John Pool
, were both alumni.
The two Senators
in Congress in 1861, Thomas Bragg
and Thomas L. Clingman
; four of the Representatives
in Congress, L. O'B. Branch
, Thomas Ruffin
, Z. B. Vance
, and Warren Winslow
, were University men. The speakership of the State Senate, under Warren Winslow
, W. W. Avery
, Henry T. Clark
, Giles Mebane
, M. E. Manly
, and Tod R. Caldwell
, was constantly under the direction of University men between 1854 and 1870.
With the exception of a period of fifteen years, this office was continuously in the hands of University men between 1815 and 1870.
Thomas Settle was Speaker
of the House of Commons in 1858, 1859, and 1863; R. B. Gilliam
in 1862; R. S. Donnell
in 1864; and with the exception of twenty years they had filled the office continuously since 1812.
The members of the Supreme Court of the State
, M. E. Manly
, W. H. Battle
, and R. M. Pearson
, were all alumni.
Of the judges of the Superior Court in 1861, the University
was represented by John L. Bailey
, Romulus M. Saunders
, James W. Osborne
, George Howard, Jr.
, and Thomas Ruffin, Jr.
In the same way four of the solicitors were University men, Elias C. Hines
, Thomas Settle, Jr., Robert Strange, and David Coleman
, and William A. Jenkins
, the Attorney-General
(1856-62), made a fifth.
All of his predecessors in the office of AttorneyGen-eral since 1810 had been University men, except those filling the position for a period of fourteen years. Daniel W. Courts
, State Treasurer (1852-63), was another alumnus, and so had been his predecessors since 1837, except for two years. Three of the successful Breckinridge
electors in 1860, John W. Moore
, A. M. Scales