Union sentiment in North Carolina in 1861.
was the last to enter the Confederacy
, and her slowness was due, beyond question to the paramount influence exercised by the conservative views of the alumni of the University
. Willie P. Mangum
, who had been the personal friend of the abolition Senator
, William H. Seward
, when the latter first entered the United States Senate, had said in the Senate long before, when the nullification of South Carolina
was the topic of the day: ‘If I could coin my heart into gold, and it were lawful in the sight of Heaven, I would pray God to give me firmness to do it, to save the Union
from the fearful, the dreadful shock which I verily believe impends.’
His feelings were not changed by time, and in 1860 he said to his nephew who had been taught in the school of Calhoun
, and now talked loudly of secession, that if he were an emperor the nephew should be hanged for treason.
The Union sentiments of Governor Graham
, Governor Morehead
, of Governor Vance
, and General Barringer
, were just as pronounced as were those of Judge Mangum
All of the old line Whigs opposed the war, while some of the Democrats, like Bedford Brown
, denied the right to secede.