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[55] in order to travel on the public highways—a regulation never very strictly enforced by slave owners before slavery was abolished. In the light of other occurrences about that time the order requiring them to carry a pass, the essential badge of slavery, was indeed anomalous. For example, a public negro ball was given by permission of the military authorities at Galveston, and no permit was obtained from the municipal authorities, which was a breach of the city ordinances. The manager was fined by the recorder, J. P. Cole, and committed to jail in default of payment. The Galveston News thus described what followed: ‘On the 3d instant, while the council was in session with Mayor Leonard presiding, a Federal officer with armed guard entered the city hall and arrested the mayor, taking him from his seat and putting him in jail.’ It further stated that he was ‘permitted to resume the functions of his office, with instructions, however, that military orders at present are the supreme law of the land.’

In this manner was the enforcement of the law by local authorities resented where it conflicted with the will of the Federal officers.

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