Confederate States Regulars—Seven regiments of infantry; six regiments of cavalry, and one battery of artillery. Aggregate— 529 regiments and eighty-five battalions of infantry; 127 regiments and forty-seven battalions of cavalry; eight regiments and one battalion of partisan rangers; five regiments and six battalions of heavy artillery, and 261 batteries of light artillery—in all, equivalent to 764 regiments of ten companies each. Colonel Fox says:
The severity of the losses among the Confederates, and the heroic persistency with which they would stand before the enemies musketry, becomes apparent in studying the official returns of various regiments. In the report for 1865-66, made by General James B. Fry, United States Provost-Marshal-General, there is a statement of Confederate losses, as compiled from the muster-rolls on file in the Bureau of Confederate Archives. The returns are incomplete, and nearly all the Alabama rolls are missing; still, the figures are worth noting, as they show that at least 74,524 were killed or died of wounds, and that 52,297 died of disease.