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[257] July 19, 1861; Rev. A. B. Cox, of Alleghany county, July 16, 1861, chaplain, and Hamilton C. Graham (Company I), of Craven county, as sergeant-major.

First called the 12th Volunteers, the regiment was shortly after numbered and designated the 22d Troops. The change was made in the Adjutant-General's office at Raleigh to avoid confusion. With the exception of the ‘Bethel Regiment,’ or 1st Volunteers, and perhaps the 2d, which served first for six months only, the troops first enlisted were mustered into service for one year and were called volunteers. The Legislature, however, also authorized the enlistment of ten regiments ‘for the term of the war,’ eight of infantry, one of cavalry, 9th, and one of artillery, 10th, to be called ‘State Troops,’ and numbered one to ten. This would have caused the numbering of ten regiments each of ‘State Troops’ and of ‘Volunteers’ respectively to have been the same, and the numbers of the volunteer regiments were therefore moved forward ten. This will explain a change in the numbering of the regiments to include the 14th Volunteers, afterwards the 24th Troops, which seems not to be understood. A duplication of this sort in the numbering of certain regiments of Georgia and South Carolina troops did actually exist, and caused much confusion.

The regiment was first armed as follows: to the two flank companies were issued rifled muskets of a then comparatively recent Springfield pattern. The other eight companies had old-style flintlock muskets, with bright barrels, altered to percussions. All were muzzle loading, and the latter were not effective at more than 200 yards, if that. The cartridges were of paper, to be torn with the teeth, and the cap pouches, bayonet scabbards, cartridge boxes, canteens and haversacks were of the rudest description. Of knapsacks there were few or none, except what the men or their officers furnished.

The first captain of A Company was W. F. Jones, of Caldwell county, who was succeeded by Thos. D. Jones, of the same. The entire number of rank and file in this company serving at one time or another during its whole term of service was 187 men. Company B had for its first captain James M. Neal, of McDowell county, and numbered of rank and file from first to last 171 men. Captain Columbus C. Cole, of Greensboro, commanded E Company, which numbered 184 rank and file while in service. Jesse F. Reeves, of Alleghany county, was first captain of F Company, which numbered 160 men during its term. J. A. Burns was captain of G Company

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