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[261] under command, in the order named, of Generals John G. Walker, Isaac R. Trimble, and Samuel G. French. While there the health of the men was good, except for measles, which seemed to be epidemic in all the regiments. The batteries were frequently engaged with the enemy's gunboats, and with batteries on the Maryland side of the Potomac, but the casualties were very few. Company I had several men wounded by the bursting of a forty-two-pounder gun in Battery No. 2. While on duty at Evansport, Colonel Pettigrew was promoted brigadier-general, but feeling that his services were of more value in furthering the re-enlistment and re-organization of the regiment, then near at hand, he declined the appointment—a rare instance of patriotism and devotion to the public good. When the army fell back from Manassas and the Potomac in March, 1862, to the line of the Rappahannock, General French commanded the brigade which took post at Fredericksburg. Soon after General French was transferred to a command in North Carolina, and the regiment was marched to the peninsula below Richmond and shared in the Williamsburg and Yorktown campaign. Returning to the vicinity of Richmond, and Colonel Pettigrew having been again appointed brigadier, in command of the brigade, which appointment he this time accepted, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles E. Lightfoot, previously of the 6th Regiment, was promoted colonel. Under his command the regiment went into the fight at Seven Pines in May-June, 1862, in which it was heavily engaged and its losses were severe. General Pettigrew was here wounded and made prisoner. Colonel Lightfoot was also captured. Captain Thomas D. Jones and Lieutenant S. H. Adams were killed, besides many others, and the aggregate loss of the regiment was 147 in all.

Soon after Seven Pines the regiment was re-organized, when the following were elected field officers: James Connor, of South Carolina, colonel; Captain Robert H. Gray, of Company L, lieutenant-colonel, and Captain Columbus C. Cole, of Company E, major. They took rank from June 14th, 1862. There were many changes also in the line officers. Previously Adjutant Graham Daves had been promoted captain and assigned to duty as assistant adjutant-general on the general staff, and Lieutenant P. E. Charles became adjutant. A new brigade, too, was formed, consisting of the 16th, 22d, 34th, and 38th North Carolina Regiments, and placed under the command of Brigadier-General Wm. D. Pender, in the division of General A. P. Hill.

An officer in describing the bearing of the 22d at Seven Pines,


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