then under the command of General T. J. Jackson
). When General Joseph E. Johnston
took command, Dr. McGuire
served under him until July 1st, 1861.
when General Jackson
, having organized the 1st Virginia Brigade (the future Stonewall Brigade), requested that Surgeon McGuire
might be assigned to him as brigade surgeon, which was done.
soon proved that he possessed the requisite qualifications for his position, for besides his personal skill as an operator he possessed equally the essential power of organization and the ability to select competent men to carry out his plans.
Never shirking work himself, he demanded the same zeal from his subordinates, and the Medical Department of Jackson
's army soon became famous for its promptness and efficiency.
At the first battle of Manassas
, July 21st, 1861, when General Jackson
made the celebrated charge with his brigade which turned the fortune of the day, he raised his left hand above his head to encourage the troops, and while in this position the middle finger was struck by a ball and broken.
He remained upon the field 'till the fight was over, and then wanted to take part in the pursuit, but was peremptorily ordered back to the hospital by the general commanding.
On his way to the rear the wound pained him so much that he stopped at the first hospital he came to, and the surgeon there proposed to cut the finger off, but, while the doctor looked for his instruments, and for a moment turned his back, the general silently mounted his horse and rode off to Surgeon McGuire
, who was then busily engaged with the wounded.
He refused to allow himself to be attended to until ‘his turn came.’
By judicious treatment the finger was saved, and in the end the deformity was very trifling.
remained as brigade surgeon from July to October, when General Jackson
took command of the Army of the Valley District, of which McGuire
became Medical Director
In the Valley campaign.
campaign commenced January 1st, 1862, and included the battles of McDowell
, Cross Keys
and Port Republic
, after which the army joined General Lee
during the celebrated Seven Days fight against General McClellan
After this came the fight at Cedar Run
, followed by the Second Battle of Manassas
against Generals Pope
During the battle, General Ewell
received a wound which caused the amputation of his leg by Dr. McGuire