Louisiana. Appointed Louisiana. 1. Brigadier-General, August 17, 1861. Commanded Department of Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico.
Tennessee. Appointed Tennessee. 10. Major-General, March 10, 1862. Commanded Division in Hardee's Corps, Army of Tennessee.
Virginia. 13. Lieutenant-General, May 23, 1863. Commanded Second (Jackson's old) Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
North Carolina. Appointed North Carolina. 14. Brigadier-General, May 17, 1862. Adjutant-General of North Carolina in 1861; afterward commanding brigade, Hoke's Division, Army of Northern Virginia.
Ohio. Appointed Ohio. 23.  Major-General, May 24, 1864. In 1862 and 1863 commanded brigade in Army of West; in 1864 commanded division Beauregard's Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
North Carolina. Appointed North Carolina. 27. Colonel, 186r. Commanded Seventh Regiment, North Carolina State Troops, New Berne, N. C. Killed June 27, 1862, at Gaine's Mill, Va.
Brigadier-General, September 12, 1862. Commanding (1863) Indian Territory; in 1864 commanding division of cavalry, Trans-Mississippi Department.
Pennsylvania. Appointed Pennsylvania. 32. Brigadier-General, 1865.
Virginia. Appointed Virginia. 41. Brigadier-General, September 26, 1862. Chief-of-staff to General P. G. T. Beauregard.