Virginia. Appointed Virginia. 8. Brigadier-General, April 21, 1861. Commanding Virginia forces at Norfolk, Va., April-May, 1861; afterwards colonel (temporary rank) of engineers in charge of defences of Eastern North Carolina, 1862.
Pennsylvania. Appointed Kentucky. 17. Major-General, April 23, 1863. Commanding division in Ewell's Corps (2d) A. N. V.