the same authority, Generals Pope and Steinwehr issued their infamous orders, also referred to in our last report. All of these orders were so contrary to all the rules of civilized warfare, and especially to those adopted by the Federal authorities themselves, that on August 1st, 1862 (just ten days from the date of the cartel), the Confederate authorities were driven to the necessity of issuing an order declaring, among other things, that Pope and Steinwehr and the commissioned officers of their commands, ‘had chosen for themselves (to use General Lee's words) the position of robbers and murderers, and not that of public enemies entitled, if captured, to be treated as prisoners of war.’ Later on, in the fall of that year, came the barbarous orders and conduct of Generals Milroy, Butler and Hunter, which led to the proclamations of outlawry against these officers, and directing that they and their commissioned officers should not be treated, if captured, as prisoners of war, and, therefore, should not be exchanged, but kept in confinement. In September, 1862, Mr. Lincoln's emancipation proclamation was issued, to take effect January 1st following, which caused Mr. Davis to issue another proclamation on December 23rd, 1862, directing that any Federal officer who should be arrested whilst either enrolling, or in command of negroes, who were slaves, should be turned over to the authorities of the several States in which the offenses were committed, and punished for the crime of inciting servile insurrection. These several proclamations of Mr. Davis created considerable uneasiness among the Federal authorities, and furnished the very pretext for which they were doubtless longing, for either violating, or suspending, the terms of the cartel. And so, on January 16th, 1863, we find Colonel Ludlow writing to his superior, General Hitchcock, as follows: ‘I have the honor to enclose to you a copy of the Richmond Enquirer, containing Jeff. Davis' message. His determination, avowed in most insolent terms, to deliver to the several State authorities all commissioned officers of the United States that may hereafter be captured, will, I think, be persevered in. You will remember that after the proclamation of Jeff. Davis, of December 23d, 1862, I urgently advised another interview (the last one I had with Mr. Ould, and in which very important exchanges were declared). I then did so anticipating that the cartel might be broken, and wishing to make sure of the discharge from their parole of 10,000 of our men. This was effected, and in a manner so advantageous ’
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Table of Contents:
Graduates of the United States Military Academy at West Point, N. Y. , [from the Richmond, Va. , Dispatch, March 30 , April 6 , 27 , and May 12 , 1902 .]
Who served in the Confederate States Army, with the highest Commission and highest command attained.
Treatment and exchange of prisoners.
Official report of the history Committee of the Grand Camp , C. V., Department of Virginia .
Battle of Cedar Creek , Va. , Oct. 19th , 1864 .
Narrative of events and observations connected with the wounding of General T. J. ( Stonewall ) Jackson .
Lee , Davis and Lincoln .
Lee 's statue in Washington urged—magnanimity of Lincoln .
The last tragedy of the war. [from the New Orleans, La. , Picayune , January 18 , 1903 .]
Elliott Grays of Manchester, Va. [from the Richmond, Va. , times, November 28 , 1902 .]
Johnson's Island .
Refused to burn it. [from the Richmond, Va. , Dispatch, April 27 , 1902 .]
The campaign and battle of Lynchburg .
An address delivered before the Garland-Rodes Camp of Confederate veterans at Lynchburg, Va. , July 18 , 1901 .
Beauregard Rifles (afterward Beauregard Artilley, or Moorman 's Battery ), mustered into service at Lynchburg, Va. , May 11 , 1861 .
Roll and roster of Pelham 's,
Why we failed to win.
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