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[275] McDowell this morning forcing the passage of Bull Run. In two hours he will turn the Manassas Junction and storm it to-day with superior force.

General Scott to the commanding officer at Baltimore, July 21:

Put your troops on the alert. Bad news from McDowell's army; not credited by me.

Captain Alexander to Washington:

General McDowell's army in full retreat. The day is lost. Save Washington and the remnants of this army. The routed troops will not reform.

General Scott to McDowell:

Under the circumstances it seems best to return to the line of the Potomac.

President Davis to General Cooper, Manassas, July 21:

Night has closed upon a hard fought field. Our forces have won a glorious victory.

Colonel Kerigan, at Alexandria, to Cameron, July 22:

There are about 7,000 men here without officers; nothing but confusion.

General Mansfield, to Captain Mott at the Chain Bridge, July 22:

Order the Sixth Maine to keep their demoralized troops out of their camps.

General Mansfield to General Runyan, July 22:

Why do the regiments I sent to you yesterday return so precipitously to Alexandria without firing a shot?

W. T. Sherman to the Adjutant-General, July 22.

I have at this moment ridden in with, I hope, the rear men of my brigade, which in common with our whole army has sustained a terrible defeat and has degenerated into an armed mob.

General Scott to General McClellan, July 22, 1 A. M:

After fairly beating the enemy and taking three of his batteries, a panic seized McDowell's army and it is in full retreat on the Potomac. A most unaccountable transformation into a mob of a fine appointed and admirable led army.

These few extracts are enough to show the utter rout of the Federal army. Twenty-eight pieces of artillery, about 5,000 muskets and nearly 500,000 cartridges, a garrison flag, and ten colors were

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