The blockade twice broken.
Again and again the Confederate Commissioners
urged upon England
the rights of their governments under the terms of the Paris Convention
It was shown that now in the third year of the alleged blockading, Flag Officer Ingraham
, of the Confederate navy, had attacked the blockading squadron off Charleston
, destroyed some of its vessels, and entirely dispersed the others from view.
The next winter, it may not be amiss at this place to say, Captain Dixon
and crew ran the submarine torpedo boat Hunley
, the first boat of the kind known to naval warfare, under the blockader Housatonic
, a powerful warship, off the harbor of Charleston
and all on board, about 400 persons, went to the bottom, carrying the Hunley
with it. Every blockader, taking fright, fled, and the port was open for several days.
At the same season in which Ingraham
opened the port of Charleston
But neither England
enforced the terms of the Paris Convention
In the winter of 1862-63 the improvised navy of the Confederacy
destroyed eleven warships of the United States
, while the Alabama
and the Sumter
drove the merchant marine of the enemy off the high seas.