returned from Pennsylvania
upon a drawn battle and General Johnston
in the same days of midsummer in the third year of the war. Confederate sympathizers in England
The Southern people did not grow despondent, nor did the army for a moment lose faith in the final outcome of the war. It is a notable fact that the battle of Gettysburg
did not come within the plans of Lee
, and would not have occurred at all had Lee
's order to the marching van of his army been duly executed.
village did not lie on his line of invasive march.
It was reached by the turning of a head of corps in the van at right angles to the prescribed course from headquarters.
And the movement was a surprise to the commanding general
Not less notable an instance of disobedience of orders from Johnston
was the retreat of a wing of his army into Vicksburg
and the resultant seige and inevitable capitulation that followed.