, in his ‘Four Years With Genl. Lee
,’ says: ‘Genl. Lee
witnessed the flight of the Federals
and up the hills beyond.
He then directed me to go to Genl. Ewell
and to say to him that from the position he occupied he could see the enemy retiring over the hills, without organization and in great confusion; that it was only necessary to press “those people” in order to secure possession of the heights, and that, if possible, he wanted him to do this.
In obedience to these instructions I proceeded immediately to Genl. Ewell
and delivered the order of Genl. Lee
did not obey this order.
Those heights were what is known as Cemetery Hill
, which was the key to the Federal
The enemy afterward, that night, with great diligence fortified those heights; and subsequently the lives of thousands of our soldiers were sacrificed in the vain effort to capture them.
It was a fatal disobedience of orders.
What if Jackson
had been there?
would not have had any order to bear to him. Lee
would have witnessed not only the fleeing enemy, but at the same time the hot pursuit of Stonewall Jackson
Ah! if Stuart
had been there, to give one bugle blast and to set his squadrons on the charge!
Alas! he was then twenty-five miles away at Carlisle
, ignorant that a battle was on.
That afternoon after the fight was over, Anderson
's division of Hill
's corps arrived on the battle field and took position where Pender
formerly was. At sunset Johnson
's division of Ewell
's corps came up and took line of battle on Early
's left, and about midnight McLaws
' division and Hood
's division (except Laws
' brigade) of Longstreet
's corps encamped withing four miles of Gettysburg
The troops which had been engaged in the fight bivouacked on the positions won. I am thus particular to locate our troops in order to show who may be responsible for any errors of the next day.
Inasmuch as Meade
's army was not fully up, it required no great generalship to determine that it would be to our advantage to make an attack as early in the next morning as possible.
And it was no more than reasonable that every general having control of troops should feel and fully appreciate the imperious necessity of getting ready to do so and to be ready for prompt action.
determined to make the main attack on the enemy's left early in the morning.
This attack was to be made by Longstreet
, who was directed to take position on the right of Hill
and on the Emmittsburg road.
After a conference with the corps and division