The Third day.
At daylight it was found that the Round Tops
were heavily occupied.
had reinforced his left with the Fifth and Sixth corps and heavy artillery. General Lee
, changing his plan, directed Longstreet
to form a column of attack on the Federal
left centre, and assault from the south, while Ewell
attacked from the north, at Culp's hill
, on the opposite sides of the fish-hook curve.
's division, not yet in battle, was to be the centre, with Heth
's division of Hill
's corps, under Pettigrew
, as a second line.
Two brigades (Wilcox
) of Anderson
's division, supported the right and two brigades (Lane
), under Trimble
, supported the left.
's left had begun vigorously on Culp's hill
, when the order to advance was given to Pickett
Near the middle of Hancock
's line was a clump of trees, which General Lee
suggested to Longstreet
as an objective point.
It was not far from the position Wright
's Georgians had gained the evening before.
At 10 A. M., General E. P. Alexander
opened the fire of fifteen guns along the Emmettsburg road, and General R. L. Walker
opened from the Seminary
hill a battery of sixty-three guns.
The artillery was to go forward as the column advanced and support the attacks.
Three hours passed away in unnecessary delay.
And in this time Ewell
's attack on Culp's hill
was a wasted opportunity.
Not until 2 o'clock did the artillery duel begin.
More than two hundred guns made a crash and roar that was indescribable and unearthly.
The two ridges opposing were blazing volcanoes.
The Confederate swept the Cemetery ridge
. General Walker
, of the Federal
army, says: ‘The whole space behind Cemetery hill
was in a moment rendered uninhabitable.
Caissons exploded, destruction covered the whole ground, army headquarters were broken up. Never had a storm so dreadful burst on mortal man.’
The batteries in the Cemetery
withdrew, partly to save ammunition.
, with the advanced guns, wrote a line to Pickett
: ‘If you are coming at all, you must come at once.’
: ‘Shall I advance?’
and he was silent.
said: ‘Sir, I shall lead my division forward!’
And they went.
Out of the woods, across the Emmettsburg road, two lines of gray, with glittering bayonets, 12,000 of them altogether, with their supports.
A deep silence fell upon the field.
Half-way to Hancock
's salient and the clump