Battle of Chancellorsville.
Rested until night, when we were ordered to move
as rapidly as possible our trains to Bowling Green
To-day the great battle of Chancellorsville
began, and Rode's old brigade of Alabamians charged the Yankees
brilliantly, driving them out of their newly erected breastworks thrice in succession, and capturing three batteries with horses and equipments entire attached.
of Company F, was severely wounded in right leg, below the knee, by a grape shot tearing a hole through the flesh.
were wounded in the arm. Chappell
was engaged in a close, hand to hand encounter when injured.
Poor Ben was carried, at the point of the bayonet, into the engagement, complaining all the while of being sick, but he only had what we called ‘battle-field colic,’ and was forced into the thickest of the fray, where he received a bullet in one of his arms, and from the wound lost the arm and spent the remainder of the war at home.
The day's fight was a grand success for our arms.
Our wagon train was moving all night to escape Stoneman
's Yankee cavalry, which was reported as ravaging the country, after having taken Marye's Heights
, and to be now in search of our train.
We passed a few miles beyond Bowling Green
The great battle continued today.
' Brigade, to quote that officer's language, ‘covered itself with glory.’
complimented it. Rodes
was made a full Major General
, and after the distressing news of Stonewall Jackson
's wound, became senior officer of the field under Lee
. He was in actual command of the army next to Lee
, but his modesty caused him to turn over the command to Gen. J. E. B. Stuart
of the cavalry, one of the most dashing officers I ever saw. In F Company, Capt. McNeely
, Joe Black, Tom Foulk
, Jim Lester
, West Moore, Fletch Zachry
, and Sergt. Simmons
The 12th Alabama lost four captains and three lieutenants, among them Capt. H. W. Cox
, and Lieut. Dudley
We lost a total of 134 men out of our small regiment, in killed, wounded and missing.
Thirteen were killed outright and 87 wounded severely.
The brigade lost five field officers.
Lieut. Col. A. M. Gordon
, brother of Gen. John B. Gordon
, was killed.
He was a fine officer and a true Christian.
After being shot he calmly said he was willing to die for the cause.
‘Fighting Joe's’ army was terribly repulsed, and forced to retreat beyond the Rappahannock
The enemy's cavalry contented itself with tearing up a part of the
railroad track and cutting telegraph wires, thus interrupting communication with Richmond
There are 6,000 prisoners of war at Guinea
's and others coming in hourly.
Among them is Brigader General Hayes
, said to be a renegade native of Richmond
The prisoners were boisterous, impertinent and insulting in their conversation.
A great rain storm fell and they were in great discomfort.
I pity them.
There are numerous foreigners among them, Germans, Swiss, Italians, Irish
, et alios
. Our help from such quarters is nil
After the battle my regiment and train returned to our former camp.
Everything and everybody seemed changed, sad and dejected.
I greatly miss my dear friend, Captain McNeely
He was my most intimate associate and I love him as a brother.
He is a graduate of the La Grange College at Florence, Ala.
, and taught for a while with Professor W. F. Slaton
, and, more recently, at the Military School
, with Captain Keeling
He is a fine scholar, a very amiable man, and popular with the company.
I am performing double duty, acting as quarter master of the regiment and in command of my company.
I have repeatedly asked Colonel Pickens
to relieve me from the former, but he has not consented to do so. My men urge me to return to them.
A beautiful Sabbath, recommended by General Lee
as a day of thanksgiving and prayer for our recent great victory.
Strange to say ‘Fighting Joe’ Hooker
issued a proclamation to his army after they had retreated across the river, congratulating them upon their great victory.
How could General Lee
and General Hooker
both be victorious?
I helped to bury Captain Cox
of of Company B, Twelfth Alabama, at Grace Church this afternoon.
He was a gallant officer.
News of the death of General Jackson
, the true hero of the war, fills the whole army with grief.
He resembled Napoleon
in his methods more nearly than any of our generals.
has lost his most reliable aid, and was correct in speaking of him as his ‘right arm.’
His name and his deeds are enbalmed in our hearts.
The regiment returned from picket, and I again solicited permission to return to my company and that another officer be detailed as quartermaster.
replied that if his brother's commission did not arrive in three days he would relieve me.
Drilled my company for the first time in some months.
Was stopped by a refreshing rain, which will cool the air and benefit our wounded.
First Sergeant Hall
was ordered, on account of his wound, to report to General Winder
, and I promoted George Wright
to his place.
Pay roll completed, inspected and approved by the Colonel
Commanded a division of two companies on battallion drill.
Promised relief as acting quartermaster by Monday next.
Company F was paid off for March and April, and the sutler's wagon will be well patronized for a few days.
Ginger cakes, porous and poor, cost 25 cents each.
Vegetables and fruits are out of reach of the privates.
Relieved as acting quarter master and returned to the command of my company.
Receipted for and issued to the most needy among my men, thirteen pairs of pants, four jackets, nine pairs of socks, and several pairs of shoes.
Captain J. Miles Pickens
, a brother of the Colonel
, is now quartermaster.
May 19 and 20.
Drilled company in breaking files to the rear, breaking in platoons, loading by numbers and stacking arms.
The men have grown rusty.
The election, held to decide who of the company should wear the ‘Badge of Honor’ for gallantry at Chancellorsville
, resulted in twelve votes each for Sergeant Wright
and Private Chappell
In drawing the latter won, and his name was sent to General Lee
Heard Rev. Dr. Moses
preach a fine sermon at Camp Alabama. Lieutenant Wright
came and reported the loss of a pair of new boots and a number of new novels sent me. I am nearly barefooted and wanted something to read, so my regret may be imagined.
Grand review of Rodes
' Division by Generals R. E. Lee
, A. P. Hill
and R. E. Rodes
The day was warm and we marched three miles to the reviewing grounds, and stood several hours before getting properly aligned.
After preparing for review and passing in review before General Rodes
, General Lee
arrived and went through the same movements before him. I commanded the fourth division of the regiment.
Began a tramp through Valley of Virginia
, and marched about 18 miles, halting near Spotsylvania C. H. June 5, 6, 7 and 8.
On the march to Culpeper C. H., where
we stayed a day supporting Stuart
's cavalay, while he drove back some raiders near Brandy Station
June 9 to 18.
On the road to Maryland
, Bunker Hill