Paying for the slaves.
could very well have afforded to consent that the United States
should have paid the South
a fair price for its slaves, considering the fact that of all the peoples of the earth next to the English
, who, by the way, paid for the slaves which they set free in their dominions, they, the Northern
people, were far more largely engaged in the business of bringing negroes from Africa
to the South
than any others.
In fact, had it not been for the English
and Northern people together, there would not have been a great many slaves in the South
The course of Mr. Lincoln
was also as inconsistent about this matter of slavery as it was about Fort Sumter
, for in the very beginning of his inaugural address, March 4, 1861, he declared: ‘I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the States where it exists I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so.’
And further on in the same inaugural he declared himself in favor of a constitutional amendment which, so far as the United States
was concerned, would have made the negroes of this country slaves forever.
His exact words were: ‘I understand that a proposed amendment to the Constitution
(which amendment, however, I have not seen), has passed Congress to the effect that the Federal
government shall never interfere with the domestic institutions of the States, including that of persons held to service.
Holding such a provision to now be implied constitutional law, I have no objection to its being made express and irrevocable.’