can be made, it is desirable that another campaign should be commenced.
We want to keep the enemy constantly pressed till the close of the war.’
To Sheridan Grant
said: ‘If this war is to last another year, we want the Shenandoah Valley to remain a barren waste;’ and to Meade
: ‘I do not want to give up the Weldon
road, if it can be avoided, until we get Richmond
That may be months yet.’
Accordingly he ordered a railroad to be built, to bring supplies from City Point
to the national front at Petersburg
, and the entire line of entrenchments to be strengthened from the James river
on the right to Warren
's left beyond the Weldon
The system of field-works which at this time encircled both Richmond
, and covered the surrounding country, was complicated in the extreme, and in some respects unprecedented in war. Both cities were embraced in what may be termed besieging operations; both were the object of incessant menace and attack for nearly a year; both were defended with vigor, skill, and gallantry; yet neither was completely invested, nor was either regularly approached by parallels, and only one important sortie was ever made against the assailants' works by the beleaguered garrison.
The siege of Richmond
was conducted at a distance of twenty miles by an army which retrenched itself, while owing to the intervening rivers, and forests, and swamps, as well as to the complexity of the manoeuvres—the extensions and retractions, the advances and withdrawals, on the right and left—the hostile works stretched out hundreds of miles.
On the north side of the James