weapons—it is the universal testimony of modern war, can hardly be carried by direct assault.
In September, 1864, the national entrenchments extended no further north of the James
than the tete de pont at Deep Bottom
; on the south bank the lines ran parallel with the rebel works across Bermuda Hundred
, from the James
to the Appomattox river
Beyond the Appomattox
, starting at a point opposite the rebel left, they followed the defences of Petersburg
, and until they struck the Jerusalem plank road, ran extremely close to the enemy's works, approaching at times within a few hundred yards. At the Jerusalem
road they diverged to the left, and the distance between the entrenchments widened to more than two miles. On the 1st of September, the national left rested on the Weldon railroad, Warren
's skirmishers reaching to the Vaughan
level roads; but before long the main works extended to these roads; then running south about a mile and a half, they turned to the east and completely encircled the national camps, striking the Blackwater river
, in the rear of Meade
's right wing.
There were also strong entrenched works at City Point
, to protect the base of the army, and batteries were established at intervals on the James
, from Chapin's Bluff to Fort Monroe
Each army was thus completely surrounded by its own entrenchments, and one fortified camp was in reality besieged by another.
The national lines, like those of the rebels, consisted of infantry parapet connecting a series of more important works, by which the intermediate entrenchment was enfiladed.
These larger works varied very much in magnitude and tracing, but were