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Chapter 35:

  • Grant returns to Washington
  • -- reduction of expenses of government -- rejoicing of country -- assassination of Lincoln -- negotiations between Sherman and Johnston -- manoeuvres of rebels -- Sherman's terms -- disapproved by government -- Grant in North Carolina -- Second arrangement between Sherman and Johnston -- approved by Grant -- excitement of country-grant's friendship for Sherman -- movements of Stoneman -- operations of Canby -- evacuation of Mobile -- operations of cavalry -- surrender of all the rebel armies -- capture of Jefferson Davis -- collapse of the revolt-sagacity of Grant -- Gratitude of rebels -- acclamations of country -- review of Grant's career -- Educated by earlier events for chief command -- his view of situation -- Comprehensiveness of plan -- character and result of Wilderness campaign -- desperation of rebels -- development of general plan -- consummation -- completeness of combinations -- victory not the result of brute force -- faithful support of government -- Executive greatness of Sherman and Sheridan -- characteristics of Meade, Thomas, and Lee -- further traits of Lee -- fitting representative of the rebellion -- characteristics of national and rebel soldiers -- necessity of transcendent efforts -- characteristics of a commander—in—chief in civil war -- nations never saved without a leader -- Grant protects Lee from trial for treason.

The surrender at Appomattox court-house ended the war. The interview with Lee occurred on the 9th of April, and on the 13th Grant arrived at Washington, and at once set about reducing the military expenses of the government. He spent the day with the President and the Secretary of War, and at night the following announcement was made to the country:

War Department, Washington, April 13th, 6 P. M.
The Department, after mature consideration and consultation with the Lieutenant-General upon the results of the recent campaign, has come to the following determinations, which will be carried into

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