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1  details of the rebel disaster, given in the text, are taken from Early's letters to Lee at the time, the contents of which he appears to have forgotten, for in his Memoir he denies the completeness of the defeat, and says it was the case of a ‘glorious victory given up by his own troops after they had won it,’ ‘from the fact that the men undertook to judge for themselves when it was proper to retire,’ which, it may be said, beaten troops very generally do. He also scouts the idea that his army was ‘wrecked’ or ‘fled in dismay before its pursuers.’ I have therefore inserted his letters to Lee, in full, in the Appendix, to correct his memory.One of his later statements, however, is disproved by other documents, doubtless also inaccessible to him when he wrote. He declares in the Memoir that he went into the battle of Cedar Creek with 8,500 muskets, and he admits a loss of 3,000 men, besides stragglers; yet on the 31st of October, twelve days after the battle, he reported officially to Richmond, 10,577 effective infantry, having received no reinforcements in the meantime.
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