Company E, 39th Massachusetts Infantry, in the Civil War.—(Ii.)
October 19, 1863.
We marched at 8 a. m. for Haymarket
on the Manassas Railroad, and arrived at 3 p. m. At 4 p. m. on the next day we set out again, passing through Thoroughfare Gap, in the Bull Run Ridge
making camp at 10 p. m. We remained in this neighborhood until the twenty-fourth, when we marched to Kettle Run
, where we found the railroad badly used up. As we had orders to guard a bridge over the Run
, we stayed here till November 5.
All this while the enemy were very near, and both sides were manoeuvring to get the better position.
At 4 p. m. that day we started for Catlett's Station, and arrived there at 8.30 p. m. November 7 found us at sunset, after a march of seventeen miles, at Morrisville
The next day we had an all day's march, sixteen or seventeen miles, and halted at night four miles from the railroad station.
November 9, at 5 p. m., we marched for Licking Run
, about fifteen miles away, and reached there late at night, in the midst of a snowstorm.
About an inch of snow was on the ground.
The men were pretty well demoralized and, to put it mildly, there was considerable grumbling.
My commission as second lieutenant, Company H.
signed by Governor Andrew
, and dated October 20, reached me the next day.
I stopped grumbling.
We marched from 7.30 a. m. to 11 p. m., arriving at Rappahannock Station.
(The orders for all this marching and counter-marching were issued by General Meade
to the corps commanders.)
We remained here until November 26, when we crossed the Rappahannock
at 8 a. m. By 6.30 p. m. we had crossed the Rapidan
, also, thus traversing the peninsula between the two rivers on our way eastward towards Richmond
That night we camped on the heights, a mile from the last-named river.
We marched at 6.30 a. m. on the Richmond
side, and reached Robertson's Tavern at midnight. The enemy