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Military Record of Captain Martin Binney

Martin Binney, sometimes called Harry or Henry Martin Binney, was born in East Cambridge, Mass., February 24, 1831. After receiving his education in the Cambridge schools, at the age of twenty-two years he was married to Miss Sallie D. Ayers at Providence, R. I. She was the daughter of John and Sally Ayers, of Boston, and formerly lived at East Cambridge. This marriage was on February 24, 1853. Subsequently Captain Binney and family came to Somerville. They had two sons who reached manhood, Edward A. and Henry M. Binney. Captain Binney, the subject of this narrative, lived in the old town of Somerville when it was a village and part of Charlestown, and himself gives the following account of his services in the war of 1861-1865:—

I was a member of the Massachusetts State Militia in 1850, at the age of nineteen, serving first in the old Boston Light Infantry, or ‘Tigers,’ for three years, and subsequently in the ‘Boston Independent Fusileers,’ in the Fifth Massachusetts Infantry. On April 15, 1861, at the first call for troops, I joined Company I, Fifth Massachusetts Volunteers. This was the old ‘Somerville Light Infantry,’ Captain George O. Brastow. It was quartered in the Treasury building for some time, being mustered into the United States service at Washington, D. C., May 1, 1861. Subsequently it crossed Long Bridge into Virginia, and was camped at ‘Shooters Hill,’ Virginia, until July 17, 1861, on which day we marched to Centreville Heights, near Manassas Junction. With thirty other men I was detailed under Captain Messer of the Haverhill company to march up a side road. Here we met a body of rebels on July 18, at a place called ‘Wolf Run Shoals,’ and had quite an engagement. We then overtook the army two days later, encamped on Centreville

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