most idle of any in the plain.
I inspired the same activity into three other plantations of which I had the management.
If all the negroes had come from Africa
within six months, if they had the love of independence that the Indians have, I should own that force must be employed; but ninety-nine out of a hundred of the blacks are aware that without labor they cannot procure the things that are necessary for them; that there is no other method of satisfying their wants and their tastes.
They know that they must work, they wish to do so, and they will do so.’
This is strong testimony.
In 1796, three years after the act of emancipation, we are told that the colony was flourishing under Toussaint
, that the whites lived happily and peaceably on their estates, and the blacks continued to work for them.1
Up to 1801 the same happy state of things continued.
The colony went on as by enchantment; cultivation made day by day a perceptible progress, under the recuperative energies of free labor.
In 1801 General Vincent
, a proprietor of estates in the island, was sent by Toussaint
for the purpose of laying before the Directory the new Constitution which had been adopted at St. Domingo
He reached France
just after the peace of Amiens
, when Napoleon
was fitting out his ill-starred armament for the insane purpose of restoring slavery in the island.
remonstrated solemnly and earnestly against an expedition so preposterous, so cruel and unnecessary; undertaken at a moment when all was peace and