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[536] plan at leisure the offensive campaign of which the arrival of Buell was to be the signal, had not even thought proper to urge the union of the armies of the Ohio and the Tennessee.

Before being placed under his command, Buell had already proposed to him to march upon Savannah. He only received orders to undertake this movement on the 12th of March. But on the 17th his progress was checked at Columbia by Duck River, which the rains had greatly swollen, and which was then more than thirteen metres in depth. It was found necessary to reconstruct the great railway bridge, without which the army could not have been victualled, and to wait until the 31st of March for the completion of that work to enable him to resume his march. His army then advanced rapidly towards Savannah, where it arrived on the 5th of April. In the mean while, Halleck so little suspected the movements of the enemy that he sent an order to Buell to make a diversion to the north to occupy Waynesborough—an order which, by a providential chance, did not reach him in time; while Grant, who was as badly informed as his superior, wrote on the 4th of April to Nelson, who commanded the advance guard of Buell's army, not to hurry, because the vessels which were to convey him to Pittsburg Landing would not be ready before the 8th. Fortunately, Nelson continued his march without heeding this advice.

The Confederates were preparing a terrible awakening for their imprudent adversaries. The army of the Mississippi, reconstructed and reorganized, had been divided into four corps of unequal proportions. The first two, under Polk and Bragg, each consisting of two divisions, numbered, one, nine thousand, the other, thirteen thousand five hundred men. The third, under Hardee, composed of part of Johnston's old army, and the reserve corps, commanded by Breckenridge, presented each an effective force of from six to seven thousand men, and were divided into three brigades each. The cavalry formed a division of four thousand four hundred horses. Johnston was commander-in-chief, Beauregard second in command. Many persons thought they saw in the one the arm, in the other the head, of that army. There is nothing to justify this opinion. Johnston, before deserting his flag, had acquired a well-deserved reputation in his difficult expedition

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