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[171] city, which is spread out in the shape of a crescent on the left bank. Shortly afterward he engaged the Chalmette batteries.

A few broadsides sufficed to silence them; and soon after, the whole Federal fleet, sailing in a single column, cast anchor in front of the city, each vessel taking position to enfilade one of the long and straight streets which run down to the river, traversing the entire city. There was not a soldier in the town. Lovell, however, had not yet left, having remained in person to hasten the removal of the materiel. When Captain Bailey demanded the surrender of New Orleans, the Confederate general transferred all his powers to the mayor. The latter, knowing that Farragut could land no troops, only thought of protracting negotiations in order to give Lovell time to complete the evacuation; and to this effect he opened a correspondence with the Federal commodore, the inflated style of which was in contrast with the simplicity and moderation of Farragut's answers. This singular state of things continued for five days;—on one side a large defenceless city, on the other side, and in front of it, a formidable fleet, possessing all the appliances for destroying it, but not the means to occupy it. Farragut's humanity did not permit him to use his cannon to enforce his authority, and the mayor, sheltering himself behind an unarmed population, took advantage of the conqueror's forbearance to defy him and keep the flag of the State of Louisiana floating on the public buildings. He thus succeeded in engrossing Farragut's attention so completely that this officer, ordinarily so vigilant, neglected to cut, at the isthmus of Kenner, the communications between New Orleans and the army; and Lovell, established at Camp Moore, continued to hold intercourse with the city, and even proposed to return if the inhabitants were willing to expose themselves to a bombardment, in order to resist the invader. If, however, he had succeeded in saving his materiel, his small army was greatly reduced in numbers, for the volunteers raised in New Orleans refused to serve any longer under his orders; and finding the road still open to them, they returned en masse to their homes. The same spirit of insubordination broke out not only in Forts Jackson and St. Philip, as we shall presently show, but also in all the small garrisons of Western Louisiana, which had been ordered to the city by Lovell, and which,

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