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[183] immense clearing separates the strip of land we have mentioned from College Hill, which commands the whole surrounding country. Some heights similar to those which separate Philips Creek from Corinth line the opposite bank; on the highest of these, due east of the junction, stands the hamlet of Farmington. It was upon the hill nearest to Corinth that Beauregard had constructed his principal line of defence. An almost continuous breastwork of earth and wood, following all the depressions in the ground through the forest, and fortified by abatis, formed a connection between several large redoubts commanding the prominent points, and the different roads which terminate at Corinth. The northern clearing had been considerably enlarged. The approaches to the entrenched camp were covered by the positions of College Hill and Farmington, where Beauregard had placed advanced works. The whole country around Corinth, which lies almost on the water-shed between the waters of the Tennessee and those of the Gulf of Mexico, was intersected by marshes covered with woods, and only traversed by narrow roads easily broken up; the task imposed upon the Federals, therefore, was a difficult one. Consequently, the Confederates were full of confidence, and the pompous proclamations addressed to them by Beauregard entirely harmonized with their sentiments. The various troops placed under his command had preserved their former organization. The army of the Mississippi, consisting of the corps of Bragg, Polk, Hardee, and Breckenridge's reserve, was commanded by the first-mentioned of these generals; Van Dorn had command of the trans-Mississippi army. Thanks to the recruits and the militia incorporated into these corps, their total effective force amounted to sixty-five thousand men.

The battle of Shiloh had impressed Halleck with the necessity of concentrating all his forces for the purpose of attacking the army of Beauregard. His presence on the theatre of operations, already rendered necessary by the independent positions of Grant and Buell, was henceforth indispensable. He left St. Louis for Pittsburg Landing on the 9th of April. Before his arrival, Grant had taken the first step in the direction which his superior was about to follow, and had sent Sherman, whose military talents were revealed in the smallest details, as well as on the most

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